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SALAMIS IN THE ISLAND OF CYPRUS.
BY ALEXANDER PALMA DI CESNOLÀ, F.S.A.,
stands before an altar, with a priest in a flounced dress below. [S.] 1 inch high. Hǽmatite. (See Plate xii, fig. 1.)
6. The peculiar and rude symbol of the Paphian goddess occurs on this cylinder, a priest with an offering in the hand, and the shoes with turned-up ends, which we now know to characterise Hittite art (as may be seen on the remarkable monolith lately acquired by Mr. Rassam for the British Museum), and a winged gryphon behind, which must be carefully distinguished from the Egyptian sphinx. Compare Nos. 10, 11, 19, 25, and 58. [S.] 1 inch long. Steatite. (See Plate xii, fig. 2.)
7. This is a curious design. Two animals stand on either side of a pedestal, (or lower part of the human body), on the top of which is a human head, with wings on each side. A worshipper stands before the image. [S.] The work is very good. 1 inch long. Green Jasper. (See Plate xii, fig. 3.)
8. This is a good example of Cypriote art. The symbol of the Paphian goddess, with four doves on either side, and a canopy overhead, stands by the side of a priest, who presents an offering. Behind him is the head of an ox, a well-known Hittite character. The ox-head occurs on coins of Salamis, as well as on one of the gold rings discovered by Dr. Schliemann at Mykense. Compare Gen. di Cesnola's Cyprus, pi. xxxiii, 25. The ox-head alone occurs on another specimen in the collection. [S.] 1 inch long.
9. The symbol of the Paphian goddess, accompanied by a flying dove [S.], is engraved on this cylinder in archaic style. 7-8ths inch long. Steatite. (See Plate xii, fig. 4.)
10. This may be compared with No. 58. A winged gryphon, seated in adoration before the Paphian goddess. 3-4ths inch long. Steatite. (See Plate xii, fig. 5.)
11. The subject here is a gryphon (or horse) segreant adoring a figure of the Paphian goddess, the ox-head, cushion, and another symbol. 1 inch long. Steatite. (See Plate xii, (fig. 6.)
12. On this cylinder occur the figure of the Paphian goddess, ox-head, and seated animal without wings. Compare No. 11. 7-8ths inch long. Dark Steatite. (See Plate xii, fig. 7.)
13. Symbol of the Paphian goddess, with crescent moon above, a lion, or other animal, and ox-head. 5-8ths inch long. Steatite. (See Plate xii, fig. 8.)
14. The symbol of Paphian goddess, with three priests wearing banded or flounced dresses, two ox-heads, and other emblems. 7-8ths inch long. Steatite. (See Plate xii, fig. 9.)
15. Professor Say ce describes this cylinder thus:—Two worshippers stand on either side of an altar; behind them are a dog, cock, and gazelle, beneath which is a (Cypriote lo). Almost precisely the same design recurs on No. 16. Compare also No. 38. [S.] 15-16ths inch long. Jasper. (See Plate xii, fig. 10.)
16. An altar between two worshippers, full-length, lifting up their arms; in the field, three animals, and other symbols. 1 inch long. Hard Steatite. (See Plate xii, fig. 11.)
17. A group of five human figures; two seated. Rude archaic work. 1 l-8th inch long. Jasper. (See Plate xii, fig. 12.)
18. A figure with a beak-like head between two men seated; in the field, two disks, and a fourth figure full-length. Rude work. 1 inch long. Jasper. (See Plate xii, fig. 13.) 19. Priest in flounced dress in front of a seated deity who seems to be Astarte with her dove; the seated gryphon behind. Curious work. 3-4ths inch long. Steatite. (See Plate xii, fig. 14.).
20. Full-length figure and two animals; much obliterated. 7-8ths inch long. Steatite.
21. Afull-length figure between two combinations of a star with four points, having a sun's disk Θ above and below; in the field, a horned animal, snake and another symbol. 1 inch long. Steatite. (See Plate xii, fig. 15.)
22. Two sacred trees, both of which are being grasped by a human figure, together with an ox-head [S.]; and other emblems (fig. 132). 1 inch long.·
23. Sacred tree, ox-head, human figure full-length, disk Θ of the sun, cushion, or star, and other objects. 7-8ths inch long. Steatite. (See Plate xii, fig. 16.)
24. Figure seated before a sacred tree; dirks or paddles, two circles of the sun , ox-head, and other emblems. A good cylinder. 1 inch long. Steatite. (See Plate xiii, fig. 17.)
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