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Selected and rare materials, excerpts and observations from ancient, medieval and contemporary authors, travelers and researchers about Cyprus.
 
 
 
 
 
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SALAMIS

SALAMIS IN THE ISLAND OF CYPRUS.
BY ALEXANDER PALMA DI CESNOLÀ, F.S.A.,
page 72

48. The ox-head, crescents, and three full-length figures, with other emblems. Good work. 3-4ths inch long. Steatite. (See Plate xiv, fig. 37.)
49. A fine cylinder of good and interesting work. The subject is a stand of offerings, with a lion and winged disk on one side, and a hog and flying dove on the other, with other symbols in the field (fig. 136).
50. In this archaic cylinder (fig. 137) we may observe animals in heraldic style on either side of an eagle, which resembles that on a gem in Gen. di Cesnola's Cyprus, pi. xxxiv, 24, and has affinities- with the double-headed eagle of Hittite art. Compare the eagle of gold found at Hissarlik in Schliemann's Ilios, p. 504. Headless figure in front of the animals. [S.] 5-8ths inch long.
51. According to Prof. Sayce this cylinder has a winged gryphon in the Babylonian style, and Merodach waging war against the dragon Tiamat. [S.] Curious work; 3-4ths inch long. Steatite. (See Plate xiv, fig. 38.)
52. Three standing figures, and two sphinxes. A design considered by Professor Sayce to be Phoenico-Egyptian. The winged gryphon has become a sphinx. [S.] Half-inch long. Jasper. (See Plate xiv, fig. 39.)
53. Professor Sayce considers this to be worked in the Phœnician style. Two monsters, ox-head, and figure of a priest (?). (See Nos. 21, 28, and 46.) 3-4ths inch long. Steatite. (See Plate xiv, fig. 40.)
54. Lion of sphinx, ox-head, and a full-length figure of a priest in an ornamental dress, holding the sword of Merodach as in No. 51. (See fig. 138.) 7-8ths inch long.
55. A finely engraved cylinder, in a style evidently Phoenico-Egyptian (fig. 139). Sphinxes and gazelle above, on a kind of frieze or heraldic chief, figures in the Egyptian style below the disk of the sun, and the crux ansata in the centre, are the designs on this interesting relic. 3-4ths inch long.
56. A priest, seated gryphon, ox-head, and other emblems. 7-8ths inch long. Steatite. (See Plate xiv, fig. 41.)
57. A priest holding a crescent-shaped object, and standing beside a seated sphinx or gryphon with upraised wings. 5-8ths inch long. Steatite. (See Plate xiv, fig. 42.)
58. Winged sphinx adoring the symbol of Astarte. Nice work. Half-inch long. Steatite. (See Plate xiv, fig. 43.)
59. Sphinx couchant, with long and elaborately-feathered wing, the head regardant, with three feathers for a crest, thebeak curved, tail curved, erect; before it a full-length figure of a priest, with the dress represented by horizontal and oblique lines, like coarse hatching. 3-4ths inch long. Steatite.
60. Three birds, with long beaks and expanded wings. Rude work. 3-4ths inch long. Green porcelain. (See Plate xiv, fig. 44.)
61. This cylinder is fairly well engraved, with a curious design of Cypriote (?) workmanship upon which I can throw no light. In the centre is a cock mounted on a pedestal, and two seated figures on either side with wands (?) in their hands. [S.] 1 inch long. Jasper. (See Plate xiv, fig.. 45.)
62. The lower half only of a broken cylinder. On it are a flying dove, and an animal bending before a full-length figure with turned-up boots. Half-inch high. Hœmatite. (See Plate xiv, fig. 46.)
63. A kind of fretwork, or fretty pattern. 3-8ths inch long. Steatite. (See Plate xiv, fig. 47.)
64. Fretty device, which may be compared with No. 63. The centre has some fish-like characters arranged horizontally to form an ornament. 1 inch long. White calcined chalcedony. (See Plate xiv, fig. 48.)
65. A subject of difficult interpretation (fig. 140). It is in an archaic style, and good work. 5-8ths inch long.
66. An archaic but uncertain design, which may best be made out by reference to the drawing. 3-4ths inch long. Steatite. (See Plate xv, fig. 49.)
67. Human figures, disks , stars or crosses, and other uncertain emblems. 7-8ths inch long. Steatite. (See Plate xv, fig. 50.)
68. Uncertain forms of human figures; the engraving very imperfect, or perhaps the stone has

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