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SALAMIS IN THE ISLAND OF CYPRUS.
BY ALEXANDER PALMA DI CESNOLÀ, F.S.A.,
talismans. On the face of this scarab also is a cartouche, with the Egyptian hieroglyphics ran ran ran,
1 See Bunsen's Egypt's Place in Universal History, London, 18G7, vol. v, p. 228. " The chapter of making the Transformation into a Crocodile." (Dr. Birch's translation.)
2 Ibid., pp. 189, 120. "The chapter of stopping those who come to take away the Spells of a Person from him in Hades." " The chapter of stopping the Crocodiles coming to take the Spells of a Spirit from him in Hades."
words probably mystical—at any rate, not clearly and satisfactorily explained by Egyptologists. 3-4ths inch long. White glazed steatite.
7. Fig. 149 is an Egyptian scarabǽus, engraved with the sacred hawk and feathers of Thmei, or Ma, the Goddess of Truth.1
8. Egyptian scarabǽus. On the face a sphinx, wearing disk and plumes, seated to the right; behind it a vulture; in front of it an urǽus. The meaning of this combination of Egyptian symbols is uncertain.2 3-4ths inch long. White glazed steatite.
9. Egyptian scarabǽus. On the face a figure of a man, kneeling, holding a palm-branch, symbol of a (good, or fortunate) year. 5-8ths inch long. Green glazed steatite
.10. Scarabǽus, pierced. Seated figure, before him two small vases. Good work. Half-inch long. Steatite. (See Plate xv, fig. 59.)
11. Egyptian pierced scarabǽus. On it a winged figure standing on lion.3 Rude workmanship. Half-inch long. White glazed steatite.
12. Egyptian pierced scarabǽus. On the face a lion, with the tail recuiwed over the back, and walking to the right. In the field, the symbol neb, or " lord", and other uncertain characters. 3-4thsinch long. White glazed steatite.
1 I may here refer the reader to another scarabieus with an Egyptian goddess. It is a Phœnico Egyptian scarab, on which is a full-length figure of the Goddess Pasht or Sekhet, with four wings expanded. On the head a disk of the sun and ulceus snake, It has been already mentioned (see fig. 61, page J50). Half an inch long, set in the revolving bezel of an ancient silver ring of solid substance. Cornelian.
2 Compare another pierced Egyptian scarabǽus in the collection, on which occurs a sphinx seated, holding a sceptre; in tho field are some uncertain hieroglyphics. 5-8ths inch long. Glazed steatite.
3 Compare with this another scarabǽoid, on which is a figure seated on a griffin, as figured and described in an earlier part of the work (see fig. 62, p. 51). 3-4ths inch long, set on a wire so as to revolve in a plain silver ring. Striped cornelian.
13. An oval scarabǽoid, engraved with an archaic figure of a lion enraged, walking to the right. Half-inch long. Cornelian.
14. Scarabǽus, pierced. A lion enraged, regardant. 5-8ths . inch long. Steatite. (See Plate xv, fig. 58.)
15. Pierced scarabǽus. Rude, and archaic work. A lion and a bull, back to back, between them a tree. Half-inch long. Steatite.
16. Egyptian pierced scarabǽus. The hieroglyphics of the sentence or motto, " Peace [be] behind you", i.e., "May peace protect you." This motto is not uncommon on Egyptian scarabs. Half-inch long. , White glazed steatite.
17. Egyptian pierced scarabǽus. On the face the symbol of life, ankh; a symbolic eye, uta; and two crowns, teshr. 3-4ths inch long. White glazed steatite.
18. Egyptian pierced scarabǽus. On it, a triple spiral ornament, and the hieroglyphic word Ta. Coarse work. 3-4ths inch long. Green glazed steatite.
19. Egyptian pierced
scarabǽus. On the face the symbolsof a hawk,
and leg , ba, or bu,
between two urǽi.1 This is a mystical combination not yet satisfactorily explained. 5-8ths inch long. Reddish white glazed steatite.
20. Egyptian pierced scarabǽus. On the face a double urǽus, scarabǽus beetle, cheper, a basket, neb, and other hieroglyphics of uncertain import. 5-8ths inch. White glazed steatite.
21. Egyptian pierced scarabǽus, with several uncertain and badly-cut hieroglyphics of uncertain meaning. Half-inch long. White glazed steatite.
22. Scarabǽus, pierced. Two figures conjoined. 9-16ths inch long. Steatite. (See Plate xv, fig. 57.)
23. A finely-carved and pierced scarabǽus of Phœnico-Egyptian style (fig. 150). On the face,.a seated figure
1 The urseus is constantly met with on scarabs; the reader may refer to another pierced Egyptian scarabǽus, on which an urœus and star of cross, set in a massy ring on a revolving wire, but without a bezel. It is figured with the gold objects in a former chapter (see fig. 64, page 52). Milky agate.
of the gryphon of Set, with the reed a; water-line, en; coiled cord, u; and other Egyptian hieroglyphic syllables. 3-4ths inch long.
24. A Phœnician scarabǽoid (fig. 151) The winged solar disk above the Boat of the Sun and urǽi, or Egyptian asps, is engraved on the base.
25. Scarabǽus. On the face a star of six points. 3-8ths inch long. Cornelian.
26. Pierced scarabǽoid. The work very archaic, in the style seen in Plate xv, fig. 53. 3-4ths inch long. Cornelian.
27. Pierced scarabǽoid. Rude animal or combination of lines. Half -
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