HISTORY ETHNOGRAPHY NATURE WINE-MAKING SITE MAP
Selected and rare materials, excerpts and observations from ancient, medieval and contemporary authors, travelers and researchers about Cyprus.
 
 
 
 
uses Google technology and indexes only and selectively internet - libraries having books with free public access
 
  Previous Next  

SIR SAMUEL WHITE BAKER
CYPRUS AS I SAW IT IN 1879
page 77

View PDF version of this page

in the brown desert-like plain of Messaria, broken byj the numerous flat-topped hills to which I have already j alluded. On the west the important mountain-range^ which includes Trôôdos bounded the view by thel snow-capped heights of the ancient Mount Olympus,J between which several chains of lower hills formed a] dark base of plutonic rocks, which contrasted with the painful glare of the immediate foreground. The highest points of this range are Trôôdos, 6590 feet, Adelphe, 5380 feet, Makhera, 4730 feet. These are] the measurements as they appear upon the maps ; but] the recent survey by the Royal Engineers has reduced 1 the height of Trôôdos by 250 feet. A green patch at 1 the foot of the Carpas range denoted the position ofl Kythrea, about twelve miles distant east, watered by the extraordinary spring which has rendered it famous both in ancient and modern times ; and almost at our1 feet, or a mile in a direct line, the fortified capital, Lefkosia, presented the usual picturesque appearance of a Turkish town. A combination of date-palms, green orange-gardens, minarets, mosques, houses quaint in their irregularity and colouring, and the grand old Venetian Cathedral, St. Sophia, towering above alll other buildings, were enclosed within the high masonry walls and bastions, comprising a circuit of three statute miles. The position of Lefkosia has been badly chosen, as J it lies in the flat, and must always have been exposed J to a plunging fire from an enemy posted upon the' heights. It was fortified in the time of Constantine the Great, but in 1570 the Venetians demolished the old works and constructed the present elaborate forti- 3 fications. Although the walls are in several places crumbling into ruins, they are still imposing in appear-\

View PDF version of this page


  Previous First Next  
 
 
 
 
 
Our banners   Bibliography   Global Folio
All materials from this site are permitted for non commersial use unless otherwise indicated.
If you reduplicate documents from here you have to indicate Cyprus Explorer as a source and place link to us.
Created at June 2008
              Яндекс.Метрика