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SIR SAMUEL WHITE BAKER
CYPRUS AS I SAW IT IN 1879
page 430

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Archbishop and three Bishops as the acknowledged heads. The diocese of the former comprises Lefkosia, Famagousta, and the Carpas districts, while the three Bishoprics are those of Larnaca or Citium, Kyrenia, and Baffo. The revenues of the Archbishop amount to about ^2000 a year, and the necessary expenditure for staff, schools, &c , to £ 1500. The Bishopric of Baffo is the richest, with a revenue of about ^1000; at the same time the outgoings are small, amounting to ^ "300 a year for the payment of his staff, and one-fifth of the expenses of a public school. The Bishopric of Larnaca or Citium is valued at about £900 a year, but the expenditure is confined to ,£200. That of Kyrenia is about the same as Citium. There is no possibility of determining an exact figure, as these revenues are dependent upon voluntary payments, which cannot be enforced by any statute ; but there is a " Berat " (decree) which invites the local authorities to render the bishops assistance in the collection of their revenues, without the absolute enforcement of any payments. No amounts due to the bishops for either canonical, ecclesiastical, or alms (Zitia), can be recovered through a court of law. On the other hand, the all-powerful countenance afforded by the Turkish government represented by public functionaries (zaphtiehs), who accompanied the bishops during their diocesan visits upon a tour of collection, was a moral influence that succeeded in extorting the unwilling fees. In case of a defaulting village, it is said that a bishop has been known to suspend the functions of the priest until the necessary payments should be completed by his parishioners, who, thus temporarily cut off

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