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CLAUDE DELAVAL COBHAM
Exerpta Cypria
page 348

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Pisces Raia torpedo i ;. batis R. oxyrhynchus Squalus con trina S. squat ina S. catulns S. musteluB Acipeiiser sturio Chondroptcrygii /mpyoTijnu. βατκ βατίς γονροννιόψαρο χΛάρι σκυλόψαρο γαττόψαρο μουρούνα (βατήν) (βατην) (χρφόψαρο) (σκυλλόψαρο) (καττόψαρυ) (μουρούνα) Lophius piscatorius Sygnathus hippocampus Mnrania anguilla Branchiostegi βατραχόψαρο άλογο τη·: θα\ά<το~ης Apodes άχ&ι (βωθρακόψαρον) (άνναρόψαρον) (αχίΧιν) Β. February 11 > 1800. ÌVfe land this forenoon at Tzerina, called by the Italians Cerina, and by the Turks Gherne. It is the ancient Ceryneia, and is now a small town with a Vene-tian fortification, and bad port on the north eastern coast of Cyprus, it is reckoned by the Creek sailors eighty miles from Kelenderi, probably less than sixty English. The town is situated amidst plantations of oranges, lemons, olives, dates and other fruit trees, and all the uncultivated parts of the plains around are covered with bay, myrtle and mastic. On the west side of the town aie extensive quarries, among which some catacombs are the only remains of the ancient Ceryneia. The harbour, bad and small as it is, must, upon a coast very deficient in maritime shelter, have always ensured to the position a certain degree of impor-tance, l'ho formation of tho eastern part of the north side of Cyprus is very singular : it consists of a high rugged ridge of steep rocks, running in a straight line from east to west, and descending abruptly to the south into tho great plain of Lefkosia, and to tho north to a narrow plain bordering tho coast. Upon several of the rocky summits of the ridge are castles which seem almost inaccessible. The slope and maritime plain at the foot of the rocks, on the north, possess the finest soil and climate, with a plentiful supply of water, aud this is one of the most beautiful and best cultivated districts I have seen in Turkey. February 12. Finding it impossible to procure horses in time to enable ns to reach the gates of Lefkosia before sunset, when they oro shut, we ure under the necessity of remaining at Tzerina, to-day. 1 visit a large mined monastery, in a delightful situation, not far to the eastward of Tzerina, at no great distance from the sen. Tt contains the remains of a handsome Gothic chapel and hall, and bears a great resemblance to the ruins of an English abbey. February 13. Tzerina to Lefkosia, six hours. At the bnck of Tzerina the road passes throngh a natural opening in the groat wall I have already described, and descends into the extensive plain of Lefkosia. This is in some places rocky and barren, and is little cultivated even where the soil is good. Like most of the plains of Greece, it is marshy in the winter and spring, and unhealthy in the summer. Ou the west and south are the mountains which occupy all that part of tho island, and the slopes of which produce the wines exported in so largo a quantity from Cyprus to all the neighbouring coasts. In the centre of the plain is Lefkosia (ACVKUHTUI), called Nicosia by the Italinns, the capital of the island aud of the province of Itshili, of which Cyprus is considered a part, though the government is now 338 EXCERPTA CYPRIA.

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