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CHARLES G. ADDISON, ESQ. The history of the Knights Templars, Temple Church, and the Temple

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CHARLES G. ADDISON, ESQ.
The history of the Knights Templars, Temple Church, and the Temple
page 55



42 THE Κ NI GUTS TBMPLAES. ERAUIM Eustace, HIS son, and all HIS other children, granted and con-Btflus. firmed to God and the blessed Virgin Mary, and to the brethren T. υ. 1H8. 0fj l knighthood of THE Temple of Solomon at Jerusalem, all the te manor of Cressynge, with the advowson of the church of the same manor, and also the manors of Egle and Witham.* Queen Matilda, likewise, for THE good of the souls of Earl Eustace, her father, the Lord Stephen, king of England, her husband, and of all HER other children, granted " to the brethren of the Temple at Jerusalem" the manor of Covele or Cowley in Oxfordshire, two mills in the same county, common of pasture in Shotover forest, and the church of Stretton in Eutland.f Ralph de Hastings and William de Hastings also GAV E to the Templars, in the same TEIGN, (A. D. 1152,) lands at Hurst and Wyxham in Yorkshire, afterwards formed into the preceptory of Temple Hurst, Λ\ illiam Ashehy granted them THE estate whereon the house and church of Temple Bruere WERE afterwards erected ;% and the order continued rapidly to increase in power and wealth in England and in all parts of Europe, through the charitable donations of pious Christians. After the miserable failure of the second crusade, § brother Everard des Barres, the Master of the Temple, returned to Paris, with his friend and patron Louis, the French king; and the Templars, deprived of their chief, were now left alone and unaided to withstand the victorious career of the fanatical Mus * Ex rcgist. Hoep. S. Job. Jerusalem in Angli in Bib. Cotton. fòL 289, a-b. Dugd. Monna). Any!, ed. 18S0, voi. vii. p. 820. t Ex. cod. ret M. S. penta Anton Wood, Oxon, fol. 14 a. Ib. p. 043. t lòber Johannia Stillingflete, M. S. in officio annorum (L. 17) fot. 141 a, Itarloian M.S. No. 4SS7. g Geoffrey of dairvaiix observes, however, that the second crusade could hardly be called unfortunate, since, though it did not at all help the Holy Land, it served to people heaven with martyre.


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