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CHARLES G. ADDISON, ESQ. The history of the Knights Templars, Temple Church, and the Temple

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CHARLES G. ADDISON, ESQ.
The history of the Knights Templars, Temple Church, and the Temple
page 112



rious regulations concerning the cocks end hens and young chickens.* W e have previously given an account of the royal donations of King Henry the First, of King Stephen and his queen, to the order of the Temple. These were far surpassed by the pious benefactions of King Henry the Second. That monarch, for the good of his soul and the welfare of his kingdom, granted the Templars a place situate on the river Fleet, nearBainard's Castle, with the whole current of that river at London, for erecting a mill ;+ also a messuage near Fleet-street ; the church of St. Clement, " qua? dicitur Dacorum extra civitatem Londoniee ;" and the churches of Elle, Swinderby and Skarle in Lincolnshire, Kingeswode juxta Waltham in Kent, the manor of Stroder in the hundred of Skamele, the vili of Kele in Staffordshire, the hermitage of Flikeamstede, and all his lands at Lange Cureway, a house in Brosal, and the market of Witham ; lands at Berghotte, a mill at the bridge of Pembroke Castle, the vili of Finchingfelde, the manor of Rotheley with its appurtenances, and the advowson of the church and its several chapels, the manor of Blalcolvesley, the park of Haleshall, and three fat bucks annually, either from Essex or Windsor Forest. He likewise granted them an annual * Masculum pullum, si natua sit super terram domus vendere non poesant sine licentiA fratnrai. Si filiam habent, dare non poesunt sine licentia fratrum. Inquisitio terrorum, ut aupr. fol. 18 a. t The Templars, by diverting the water, created a great nuisance. In A. O. 1290, the Prior et fiatree de Carmelo (the white friars) complained to the king in parliament of the putrid exhalationa arising from the Fleet river, which were so powerful as to overcome all the frankincense burnt at their altar during divine service, and had occasioned the deaths of many of their brethren. They beg that the stench may be removed, leet they also should perish. The Friars preachers (black friars) and the bkhop of Salisbury (whose house stood in Salisbury-court) made a similar complain! ; as did also Henry Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, who alleges that the Templars {ipei de nom Tempio) had turned off the water of the river to their mills at Castle Baignard-—Set. Part. vol. i. p. «0, 200. π 2


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