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CHARLES G. ADDISON, ESQ. The history of the Knights Templars, Temple Church, and the Temple

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CHARLES G. ADDISON, ESQ.
The history of the Knights Templars, Temple Church, and the Temple
page 113



fair at Temple Bruere, aod superadded many rich benefactions iu Ireland.* The principal benefactors to the Templars amongst the nobility were William Marshall, earl of Pembroke, and his sons William and Gilbert; Robert, lord de Ros ; the earl of Hereford; William, earl of Devon; the king of Scotland ; William, archbishop of York; Philip Harcourt, dean of Lincoln; the earl of Cornwall ; Philip, bishop of Bayeux ; Simon de Senlis, earl of Northampton ; Letieia and William, count and countess of Ferrara; Margaret, "countess of Warwick ; Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester; Robert de Harecourt, lord of Rosewarden; William de Vernon, earl of Devon, &c. &C.T The Templars, in addition to their amazing wealth, enjoyed vast privileges and immunities within this realm. In the reign of King John they were freed from all amerciaments in tbe Exchequer, and obtained the privilege of not being compelled to plead except before the king or his chief justice. King Henry the Third granted them free warren in all their demesne lands ; and by his fanions charter, dated the 9th of February, in the eleventh year of his reign, he confirmed to them all the donations of his predecessors and of their other benefactors ; with socJ and sac,| toi I and theam,1T infangenethef,** and unfangenethef,tt and hamsoca, and grithbricb, and blodwite, and flictwite, and hengewite, and learwitc, and flen.euefrith, murder, robbery, forestal, ordel, and oreste ; and be acquitted them from the royal and * F.x citi. SIS. in officin srmoraro, L. xvii. fol. 141 a. Zhtgd. Momut. Angl. ut sup, p. 830. Tanner, Nolit, McnasL -t liugd. Baronage. Monnst. Angl. p. 8(H) to 844. X Power to bold courts ; Jj to impose and levy fines and amerciaments upon their tenante ; || to buy and sHl, or to hold a kind of market ; ΐ to judge and punish their villains and vassals; " to try thieves and malefactors Iwlonging to their manors, and taken within the precincts thereof ; tt to judge foreign thwTes taken within the said manors, *xc.


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