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CHARLES G. ADDISON, ESQ. The history of the Knights Templars, Temple Church, and the Temple

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CHARLES G. ADDISON, ESQ.
The history of the Knights Templars, Temple Church, and the Temple
page 275



JAHXS DI fortuity with these orders, we learn from the record of the pro- A.D. 1311. ceedings, that the Templars were placed in solitary confinement in loathsome dungeons ; that they were placed on a short allowance of bread and water, and periodically visited by the agents of the inquisition ; that they were moved from prbon to prison, and from dungeon to dungeon ; were now treated with rigour, and anon with indulgence ; and were then visited by learned prelates, and acute doctors in theology, who, by exhortation, persuasion, and by menace, attempted in every possible mode to wring from them the required avowals. W e learn that all the engines of terror wielded by the church were put in force, and that torture was unsparingly applied "usque adjudicium sanguinisi" The places in which these atrocions scenes were enacted were the Tower, the prisons of Aldgate, Ludgate, Newgate, Bishopsgate, and Crepelgate, the house formerly belonging to John de Banguel, and the tenements once the property of the brethren of penitence.* It appears that some French monks were sent over to administer the torture to the unhappy captives, and that they were questioned and examined in the presence of notaries whilst suffering under the torments of the rack. The relentless perseverance and the incessant exertions of the foreign inquisitors were at last rewarded by a splendid triumph over the powers of endurance of two poor serving brethren, and one chaplain of the order of the Temple, who were at last induced to make the longdesired avowals. On the 23rd of June, Brother Stephen de Stapelbrugge, described as an apostate and fugitive of the order of the Temple, captured by the king's officers in the city of Salisbury, deposed in the house of the head gaoler of Newgate, in the presence of the bishops of London and Chichester, the chancellor of the archbishop of Canterbury, Hugh de Walkeneby, doctor of theo " M. S. Ball. F. «, 2. Censii, p. 364, 365. Acta Rymeri, tarn. iii. p. 228,231, 232,


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