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CHARLES G. ADDISON, ESQ. The history of the Knights Templars, Temple Church, and the Temple

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CHARLES G. ADDISON, ESQ.
The history of the Knights Templars, Temple Church, and the Temple
page 337



shield, having a lion rampant engraved thereon. The greater part of the sword has been broken away and lost, which has given rise to the snpposition that he is sheathing a dagger. The head is defended by a round helmet, and rests on a stone pillow. The family of the Marshall* derived their name from the hereditary office of earl marshall, which they held under the crown. The above William Marshall was the son and heir of John Marshall, earl of Strigul, and was the faithful and constant supporter of the royal house of Plantagenet. When the young prince Henry, eldest son of king Henry the Second, was on his deathbed at the castle of Martel near Turenne, he gave to him, as his best friend, his cross to carry to Jerusalem.* ' On the return of William Marshall from the holy city, he was present at the coronation of Richard Cœur de Lion, and bore on that occasion the royal sceptre of gold surmounted by α cross.y King Richard the same year gave him in marriage Isabel de Clare, the only child and heiress of Richard de Clare, earl of Pembroke, surnamed Strongbow, and granted him with this illustrious lady the earldom of Pembroke.:): The year following (A . D . 1190) he became one of the sureties for the performance by king Richard of his part of the treaty entered into with the king of France for the accomplishment of the crusade to the Holy Land, and on the departure of king Richard for the far East he was appointed by that monarch one of the council for the government of the kingdom during his absenee.§ From the year 1189 to 1205 be was sheriff of Lincolnshire, and was after that sheriff of Sussex, and held that office during * Tradidit Wiilîelmo Marescallo, familiari suo, crucerà suam .Terosolyiuam deforeudam. Hovetìen ad nan. 1183, apud rer. Anglic, script, post Bcdam, p. 620. f Chron-Joan Brampton, apud X, script, col. 1158. Hoveden, p. 655, 666, Ϊ Selden'a Tit. of Honour, ρ 677. i Hoveden, p. 659, 660. Ritâulf ie Diceto, apud X . script, p. 659.


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