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CHARLES G. ADDISON, ESQ. The history of the Knights Templars, Temple Church, and the Temple

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CHARLES G. ADDISON, ESQ.
The history of the Knights Templars, Temple Church, and the Temple
page 370



Oc live as scarsly, as him list desire ; And able far to helpen all a shire, In any cas that mighte fallen or happe ; And yet tills manciple sette hir aller cappe." · It appears, therefore, that the lawyers in the Temple, in the reign of Edward the Third, had their purveyor of provisions as at this day, and were consequently then keeping commons, or dining together in hall. In the fourth year of the reign of Richard the Second, A. D. 1381, a still more distinct notice occurs of the Temple, as the residence of the learners and the learned in the law. We are told in an antient chronicle, written in Norman French, formerly belonging to the abbey of St. Mary's at York, that the rebels under Wat Tyler went to the Temple and pulled down the bouses, and entered the church and took all the books and the rolls of remembrances which were in the chests of the LEARNERS OP THE LAW in the Temple, and placed them under the large chimney and burnt them. (Les icbels alleront a le TEMPL E et jetteront les m casons a la terre et avegheront tighlcs, issint que ils fair ont coverture en mal array ; et alleront en l'esglise, et pristeront touts les liveres et rolles de remembrances, que furont en leur huches deins LE TEMPLE DE APPRENTICES DB LA LEY ; et porteront en le haut chimene et les arderont."f) Aud Walsingham, who wrote in the reign of Henry the Sixth, about fifty years after the occurrence of these events, tells us that after the rebels, under Wat Tyler and Jack Straw, had burnt the Savoy, the noble palace of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, they pulled down the place called Temple Barr, where tbe apprentices or learners of the highest branch of the profession of the law dwelt, on account of * Prologue to the Canterbury Tales. The wages of the Manciples of the Temple, temp. Hen. VIII. were rmi«. tiiid. per annum. Bib. Cotton. Vitellius, c. 9. f. 320, a. t Annal. Qb'm-Sanct» Mariât Ebor.


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