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CHARLES G. ADDISON, ESQ. The history of the Knights Templars, Temple Church, and the Temple

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CHARLES G. ADDISON, ESQ.
The history of the Knights Templars, Temple Church, and the Temple
page 379



singulariter de capital de skarletto, et sic creati fueruntservientes ad legem." In his admonitory exhortation, the chief justice dieplays to them the moral and religious duties of their profession. " Ambulate in vocatione in qua focati estis. . . . Disce cultum Dei, revereηtiam superioris (.'), misericordiam pnwperi." H e tells them the coif is sicut vestis candida et immaculata, the emblem of purity and virtue, and he commences a portion of his discourse in the scriptural language used by the popes in the famous bull conceding to the Templars their vast spiritual and temporal privileges, " Orime dation optimum et orane donum perfection desursvm est descendens apatre luminum, Sfc. èpe. I* The frères setjens of the Temple were strictly enjoined to " eat their bread in eilence," and " place a watch upon their mouths," and the freres serjens of the law, we are told, after their admission, did " dyne together with sober countenance and lytel communycacion." The common-law lawyers, after their location in the Temple, continued rapidly to increase, and between the reigns of Richard the Second and Henry the Sixth, they divided themselves into two bodies. " In the raigne of king Henry the Sixth," says the MS. account of the Temple, written 9 Charles the First, " they were soe multiplied and grown into soe great a bulke as could not conveniently be regulated into one society, nor indeed was the The early portraits of our judge* exhibit them with a coif of very much larger dimension* than the coifs now worn by the serjeants-at-law, very much laiger than would be necessary to hide the mere clerical tonsure. A covering for that purpose indeed would be absurd. The antzent coifs of the serjeants-at-law were small linen or silk cape fitting close to the top of the head. Thia peculiar covering is worn universally in the East, where the people shave their heads and cut their hair close. It was imported into Europe by the Knights Templars, and became a distinguishing badge of their order. From the freres serjens of tbe Temple it passed to the fierce serjens of the law. * Ex cod. MS. apud sub-thesaurarium Heap. Medii Templi, f, 4. a. Dugd. Orig. Jurid. cap. 43,46.


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