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CHARLES G. ADDISON, ESQ. The history of the Knights Templars, Temple Church, and the Temple


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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The history of the Knights Templars, Temple Church, and the Temple
page 383

one Dr. Stapleton, bishop of Exeter, in the days of king Edward the Second, for a reading mansion-house for him and his successors, bishops of that see. It was called Exeter Inn until the reign of the lato queen Mary, when the lord Paget, her principal secretary of state, obtained the said third part, called Exeterhouse, to him and his heirs, and did re-edify the same. After whom the said third part of tbe Templar's house came to Thomas late duke of Norfolk, and was by him conveyed to Sir Robert Dudley, knight, earl of Leicester, who bequeathed the same to Sir Robert Dudley, knight, his son, and lastly, by purchase, came to Robert late earl of Essex, who died in the reign of the late queen Elizabeth, and is still called Essex-house." * When the lawyers came into the Temple, they found engraved upon the antient buildings the armorial bearings of the Knights Templars, which were, on a shield argent, a plain cross gnles, and (brochant sur le tout) the holy lamb bearing the banner of the order, surmounted by a red cross. These arms remained the emblem of the Temple until the fifth year of the reign of queen Elizabeth, when unfortunately the society of the Inner Temple, yielding to the advice and persuasion of Master Gerard Leigh, a member of the College of Heralds, abandoned the antient and honourable device of the Knights Templars, and assumed in its place a galloping winged horse called a Pegasus, or, as it has been explained to us, " a horse striking the earth with its hoof, or Pegasus luna on afield argent !" Master Gerard Leigh, we are told, " emblazoned them with precious stones and planets, and by these strange arms he intended to signify that the knowledge acquired at the learned seminary of the Inner Temple would raise the professors of the law to the highest honours, adding, by way of motto, volai ad œthera virtus, and he intended to allude to what are esteemed the more liberal sciences, by giving them Pegasus * .lfff/«wi. Lonrï. Ttediviv., τοί. ii. p. 282.

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