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Venerable Bede The Ecclesiastical History Of The English Nation

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Venerable Bede
The Ecclesiastical History Of The English Nation
page 140

MUIGEO, see MAGEO. NAITAN, or NAITON, king of the Picts, converted to the true mode of tonsure and observance of Easter ; receives letters from Abbot Ceolfrid, v. 21. NERO, Emperor, almost lost Britain, i. 3. NESTORIUS, his heresy condemned at Hatfield, iv. 17. NID, a river, the synod held near it, v. 19. NINIAS. (See O'Connor's Notanda de Ninia, in Hibernic. Rerum Scrip-tores.) NIRIDAN, a monastery near Monte Cassino. NORTHUMBRIA, Bede's authorities respecting its history, Pref. , its condition, &c, i. 15, ii. 7, 20, iii. 26 ; a pestilence afflicts it, iii. 27 ; its state at the close of Bede's History, v. 23. NOTHELM was born at London, and afterwards became a priest in the church of that city. He communicated to Bede the letters of the Popes to be inserted in the Ecc. History, Prol. He afterwards became a monk at Canterbury, and two years after Bede's death was elevated to the archiepiscopal throne after Tatwine. He wrote (according to Pits, p. 141,) one book of the life of St. Augustine, one book of his Miracles, one of his Translation, which he undertook at the instance of Bede and Alcuin : he likewise wrote one book of Epistles to Bede, and died A.D. 739. OCTA, grandfather of Ethelbert, ii. 5. OFFA, son of Sighere, becomes a monk at Rome, v. 91. OFTFOR, of the monastery of Hilda, his life, iv. 23. OISCINGAS, kings of Kent so called, ii. 5. OLIVET, MOUNT, the Church of the Ascension thereon, v. 17. Orric, surnamed Oisc, great-grandfather to King Ethelbert, ii. 5. OSFRID, son of Edwin and Coenberga, baptized by Paulinus, ii. 14 ; slain in battle, ii. 20. OSRED, son and successor of Alfred, v. 18, 19, 22. OSRIC, son of Elfric, exiled among the Picts, converted ; succeeds Edwin ; returns to the worship of idols ; is slain, iii. 1. OSRIC, king of the Wiccii, iv. 23. OSRIC, king of Northumberland after Coenred, dies, leaving Ceolwulph his successor, v. 23. OSTHRIDA, sister of Egfrid, wife of Ethelred, and queen of Mercia, iii. 11, iv. 21. OSWALD, the sixth monarch of all Britain, ii. 5 ; succeeds Edwin ; builds St. Peter's at York, ii. 14, 20 ; erects the cross before a battle, and slays Cadwalla, iii. 1, 2; receives Bishop Aidan from the Scots ; gives him Lindisfarne for his see ; acts as his interpreter, &c, iii. 3 ; his lineage, sanctity and miracles, iii. 6 ; stands godfather to Cysegils, king of Wessex, and afterwards marries his daughter, iii. 7 ; is slain ; the miracles wrought on the spot by his relics, iii. 9,10, 11, 12, 13; his anniversary, iv. 14. His relics were afterwards carried about during the Danish invasion. (See Acta Sanct. Aug. torn. ii. p. 86; Sim. Dun. col. 152; and Raine's St. Cuthbert, 4to. 1827.) OSWIN, king of Deira, his origin, piety, and death, iii. 14. (See Acta Sanct. Aug. torn. iv. 57.) OSWY, brother and successor of Oswald, iii. 14 ; subdues the nations of the Picts and Scots, ii. 5 ; slays Oswin, iii. 14 ; marries Eanfieda, daughter of Edwin, iii. 15 ; marries his daughter Elfleda to Peada, prince of the Mercians ; takes possession of Mercia, iii. 21 ; by his means the East Saxons are converted, iii. 22; his judgment about Easter at the synod of Whitby, iii. 25 ; sends Ceadda into Kent to be consecrated, iii. 28, v. 19 ; in conjunction with Egbert he sends Wighard to Rome to be ordained archbishop of Canterbury, and receives an epistle from the pope, ii. 29, iv. 1 ; at the request of Theodore appointe Ceadda bishop of Mercia ; extends the limits of Wilfrid's diocese, iv. 2 ; his death, iv. 5 ; and burial at Whitby, iii. 24. OWINI, a monk of Queen Etheldrid, enters the monastery of Lestingau ; witnesses a revelation of the death of Ceadda, iv. 3. (See Acta Sanct. Mart. i. p. 312.) PADDA, one of the priests who baptized the South Saxons, iv. 13. PALLADIUS is sent first bishop to the Scots, by Pope Celestino!, A.D. 431, i. 13. PANCRATIUS, his relics sent to King Oswy, iii. 29. PAUL, ST., his church at London, ii. 3 ; his mode of tonsure, iv. 1. PAULINUS, sent by Pope Gregory to St. Augustine, i. 29 ; consecrated by Justus ; accompanies Ethelberga to King Edwin, ii. 9 ; of the vision of King Edwin, ii. 12; has his see at York, ii. 14; preaches in Lindsey, and builds a church in Lincoln ; makes Ho-norius bishop thereof ; baptizes in the Trent, ii. 16 ; returns with Ethelberga to Kent, and becomes bishop of Rochester, where he dies, ii. 20, iii. 14 ; Hereric was converted by his preaching, iv. 23. PEADA, son of Penda, asks Elfleda, daughter of King Oswy, in marriage ; receives the faith, iii. 21; is slain, iii. 24. PEANFAHEL, or PENVELTUN, now KINELL, or WALLTOWN, i. 12. PEARLS. It appears by several writers, that the British pearls were known and esteemed even before the Roman conquest, and one reason Suetonius gives for Cæsar's expedition, was to obtain some of them ; which Pliny seems to confirm, when (Nat. Hist. 1. 9. c. 35) he says, that Julius Cæsar gave a breastplate, covered with British pearls, to Venus Genetrix, and hung it in her temple at Rome. These Pliny calls small and ill-coloured ; and Tacitus rufulca ac liventia ; but Origen seems to agree with Bede as to their colours. They are found in a large black muscle, described by Dr. Lister ; and are common in the river Jut, in Cumberland ; where, not many years since, a patent was granted to fish for them, (vide Camd. Brit, and Gibson's Annot.). It is plain, nevertheless, that these pearls were ill-coloured, and of little or no value ; and they are not now worth looking after. PEARTANEU, now BARDNEY, a monastery in the province of Lindsey, ii. 16, iii. 11. PECHTHELM, relates a vision to Bede, v. 13 ; is a witness of the miracles of Eddi, v. 13; first bishop of Whitherne, v. 23. PEGNALECH, monastery in which Tuda was buried, iii. 27. The site of this monastery is not known : Smith says it was Finchale, in Durham.

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