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M.Besant E.Walter
Jerusalem, the city of Herod and Saladin

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M.Besant E.Walter
Jerusalem, the city of Herod and Saladin
page 9



held them in subjection. Judas, himself in spirit a worthy descendant of the Maccabaeans, had taught that Jehovah was the only King of the Jews, who were his chosen people ; that submission to a foreign yoke involved not only national degradation, but treason to the lawful powers ; that tribute, the badge and sign of slavery, ought to be refused at any cost. " We have no Lord and master but Grod," was the cry of his party. With that cry he and his followers assembled to do battle against the world : with that cry on their lips they died. But the cry and its idea did not die ; for from that time a fourth sect was among the Jews, more powerful than all the rest put together, containing the great mass of the people, who had no education to give them common sense, and whose ignorance added fuel to the flames of a religious enthusiasm almost without parallel in the history of the world. The Pharisees and the Sadducees still continued for a time in the high places ; the Essenes still lived and died apart from the world, the Shakers of their time, a small band with no power or influence; but all around them was rising a tide destined to whelm all beneath the waves of fanaticism. The followers of Judas became the Zealots and the Sicarii of later times : they were those who looked daily for the Messiah ; whom false Christs led astray by thousands ; who thought no act too daring to be attempted in this sacred cause, no life too valuable to be sacrificed: they were those who let their countrymen die of starvation by thousands while they maintained a hopeless struggle with Titus. When Herod Agrippa died, his son, who was only seventeen years of age, was in Kome ; and, as he was too young to be entrusted with the conduct of the turbulent province of Judaea, Cuspius Fadus was sent there as Governor. He found that Agrippa had allowed the robbers who always infested the country east of Jordan to gain head. He put them down with a strong arm, and turned his


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