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M.Besant E.Walter
Jerusalem, the city of Herod and Saladin

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M.Besant E.Walter
Jerusalem, the city of Herod and Saladin
page 26



regard to Vespasian's army in the year 67, it consisted of sixty thousand, including the auxiliaries. The campaign in Galilee cost him a few, but not many, killed in the sieges. We may deduct a small number, too, but not many, for garrison work, for the conquest of the country had been, after the usual Roman fashion, thorough and complete. Not only were the people defeated, but they were slaughtered. Not only was their spirit crushed, but their powers of making even the feeblest resistance were taken away from them ;* and all those who were yet desirous of carrying on the war, those of the fanatics who escaped the sword of Vespasian, had fled to Jerusalem to fall by the sword of Titus. A very small garrison would be required for Galilee and Samaria, and we may be very sure that the large army which was with Vespasian in 67 nearly all followed Titus in 7 0. The legions had been filled up, and new auxiliaries had arrived.! Besides these, Josephus expressly says that the army of Vespasian, and therefore that of Titus, was accompanied by servants J "in vast numbers, who, because they had been trained up in war with the rest, ought not to be distinguished from the fight be excused for feeling giddy at looking down a depth of 200 feet. Whenever Josephus speaks from personal knowledge, he appears to us to be accurate and trustworthy. There is nothing on which he could speak with greater authority, which would sooner have been discovered, than a misstatement as regards the Roman army. * Milman gives a list of the losses of the Je\vs in this war compiled from the numbers given by Josephus. It amounts to more than three millions. Deductions must, of course, be made. f No argument ought to be founded on the supposed numbers of the legions. The number generally composing a legion in the time of the Empire'was 6000, and before the Empire, was 4000. But at Pharsalia Caesar's legions were only 2000 each, while Pompey's were 7000. J It is very curious that these "servants" are not mentioned either by Mr. Lewin or Mr. Fergusson. Mr. Williams puts down the number of the legions at 10,000 each, perhaps including the servants.


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