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M.Besant E.Walter
Jerusalem, the city of Herod and Saladin

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M.Besant E.Walter
Jerusalem, the city of Herod and Saladin
page 396



who swept out and washed the sanctuary. The process must have cost a considerable sum, for after thoroughly cleansing it with water they deluged every portion, even to the walls and pavement, with rose water. The mihrab, or, as it is sometimes called, the Tower of David, near the Jaffa Gate, was also refurnished as a mosque, and endowed with funds. These more important buildings provided for,- he turned his attention to the other churches and sacred places in the town. The church of Sion was occupied by El Melik el ''Adii and his staff officers, the soldiery being encamped at the gate. The church of St. Hannah was turned into a college for the doctors of the Shafnte sect; and the Patriarch's house adjoining, and partly built on the church of the Holy Sepulchre, was made use of as a cloister for the'Sufi monks and philosophers; both of these establishments were liberally endowed, and afterwards became celebrated schools of Mohammedan learning. As for the church of the Holy Sepulchre it was locked up, and'no Christian allowed to enter it. It had indeed a narrow escape, as many of Saladin's officers counselled him to destroy it; thanks, however, to the Sultan's moderation and the noble example of 'Omar, which he adduced, their advice was not carried out. The whole of the wealth which he had acquired by this conquest he distributed amongst the most deserving of his followers, ' disregarding the advice of some more prudent minds to keep it against future emergencies. He also collected all the Mohammedan captives, and fed them, clothed them, and sent them to their homes at his own private expense. Saladin, having written to the caliph to acquaint him with the victory, remained for some time at Jerusalem to complete the reduction of the fortresses in the neighbourhood and to tranquillise the country ; while his generals El Melik el Afdhal and El Melik el Muzaffer, proceeded


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