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M.Besant E.Walter
Jerusalem, the city of Herod and Saladin

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M.Besant E.Walter
Jerusalem, the city of Herod and Saladin
page 437



431 EARLY PILGRIMS. Sheikh Abu Ί Fath Nasr, a celebrated recluse and theologian, fixed his residence at Jerusalem, living the life of an ascetic, in the building to the east of the Bab en Eahmah, which was called after him En Nasiriyeh. He was a friend of the eminent philosopher El Ghazali, whom he met at Damascus. He died in the last named city in the year 1097, A.D. Abu Ί Ma'ali el Musharraf ibn el Marjân Ibrahim el · Mucaddeu. He is the author of a celebrated treatise upon the history and antiquities of Jerusalem, entitled Fadhâïl Bait el Mucaddas to es Salchrah, " The "Virtues of Jerusalem and of the Bock." Little or nothing is known of him beyond this composition ; the date of his decease is also uncertain, but it is ascertained that he was contemporary with Sheikh Abu Ί Casim, who was born about 1040, A.D. This Sheikh Abu Ί Câsim er Eumaili, was a celebrated doctor of the Shafiite sect. He established himself at Jerusalem, and was so renowned for his great knowledge of religious jurisprudence, that difficult points of law from all quarters of the Muslim world were sent to him for his opinion, and his decision was always considered final. He is also the author of an excellent treatise on the history of Jerusalem. On the capture of the city by the Crusaders, in the year 1099, he was taken prisoner, and his ransom fixed at one thousand dinars. The Muslims did not however, appear to set a very high value upon their learned doctor, for the sum demanded for his release was never raised ; and the reverend gentleman was stoned to death by the Franks at the gate of Antioch. Some authorities say that he was put to death in Jerusalem. Abu Ί Casim er Bazi was by birth a Persian, and studied jurisprudence at Ispahan, from which place he removed to Baghdad, and ultimately proceeded to Jerusalem, where he adopted the life of a religious recluse. He was slain by the Crusaders on their entry into Jerusalem in Julv, 1099.


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