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M.Besant E.Walter
Jerusalem, the city of Herod and Saladin

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M.Besant E.Walter
Jerusalem, the city of Herod and Saladin
page 438



The renowned philosopher, El Ghazali himself, was also a pilgrim to Jerusalem, in which city he composed the magnificent work for which he is chiefly celebrated, namely the Muhyi 7 uluni, " The Eesuscitation of Science." He occupied the same apartments in which Sheikh Nâsir had formerly resided, and the name was changed in consequence from that of En Nasiriyehto El Ghajaliyeh. The building, however, has long since disappeared. El Ghazâli died at Tus, his native town, in the year 1112. Dhia-ed-din 'Eisa studied Mohammedan literature and jurisprudence in Aleppo, and was attached to the court of Esed-ed-din Shirkoh, Saladin's uncle, with whom he visited Egypt. On the death of the former, it was principally owing to the exertions made by him, and Baha-eddin Caracosh, that Saladin was appointed to succeed him as Grand Vizier of Egypt. In the year 753, Dhiâ-ed-din accompanied Saladin upon an expedition against the Franks, in the course of which he was taken prisoner, though subsequently ransomed for sixty thousand dinars. He was a great favourite with Saladin, and, as has been before mentioned, preached the first sermon in the Masjid el Aksa after the conquest of the Holy City. He was of noble birth, and great learning, and while accompanying Saladin in his " Holy War " he combined the ecclesiastical with the military character, wearing the armour and uniform of a soldier, and the turban of a priest. He died during the siege of Acre, in the year 583, and his remains were sent to Jerusalem, and buried in the cemetery of Mamilla. Sheikh Shehab-ed-din el Cudsi was also a Khatib, or preacher, in. Jerusalem ; he was present with Saladin at the taking of the city, and received the soubriquet of Abu Tor, " The Father of the Bull," because he was in the habit of riding upon one of those animals, and fighting from its back. Saladin bestowed upon him a small village, near the Jaffa gate, in which was the monastery of St.


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