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M.Besant E.Walter
Jerusalem, the city of Herod and Saladin

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M.Besant E.Walter
Jerusalem, the city of Herod and Saladin
page 444



without infringing the law, an earthquake happened, which threw down the dome of the church, and completely dismantled the building. The Christians applied to the governor of the city and the Càdhi of the Hanefite sect for permission to restore the building, and, by dint of heavy bribes, obtained it. El 'Alimi, who was Càdhi of the Hambelite sect, was furious at this, and declared that as the church had been destroyed by the act of God for the express convenience of the Muslim worshippers in the Cubbet es Sakhrah, it was sheer blasphemy to allow it to be rebuilt. An indignant letter written by him to Cairo brought a special commissioner with orders from the Sultan el Ashraf Einâl to stop the building and pull down what had been already erected. This was probably the commencement of the general Crescentade against the churches and monasteries of Jerusalem, which took place under the jurisdiction of El 'Alimi, in the reign of Sultan Chakmâk, to which I have already alluded in my notice of that prince. The Càdhi was also in the habit of seizing upon the children of deceased Jews and Christians, who were tributaries of the State, and of compelling them to be trained up in the Mohammedan religion. The Shafhte Càdhi disputed the legality of this, and the question was warmly disputed by the Mohammedan doctors, both in Jerusalem and Cairo. Although the decision was not favourable to his view of the case, he continued to follow the same course until he was- removed from the office in 1468. Amongst the Mohammedan viceroys and governors of Jerusalem may be mentioned the following : El Emir Έζζ-ed-din es Zanjeili, who repaired the Cubbet el Miraj in the year 1200. El Emir Hisàm-ed-din, who restored the CubTbet en Nahwiweh in 1207. El Emir Zidugdi"was governor of Jerusalem during the reigns of the Sultans Beibars and Cala'on. He built a cloister by the Bâb en Nazir and paved the court of the Sakhrah. El Emir Nâsir-ed-din made extensive restorations in the Haram


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