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M.Besant E.Walter
Jerusalem, the city of Herod and Saladin

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M.Besant E.Walter
Jerusalem, the city of Herod and Saladin
page 488



(3.) Antiq. XX., ch. 9, § 7. " They persuaded Agrippa to rebuild This evidence proves that the eastern cloisters. These cloisters a wall was built before the belonged to the outer court, and were time of Herod, and tradisituated in a deep valley, and had tionally by Solomon, in a walls that reached four hundred cubits deep valley east of the Tem[in length], and were built of square ple. By reference to Capt. and very white stones, the length of Warren's contour map, it each of which stones was twenty will be observed that by no cubits, and their height six cubits. possibility can this be stated This was the work of King Solomon, of a wall starting from the whofirst of all built the entire Temple. Temple gate. But King Agrippa, who had the care of the Temple committed to him by Claudius Cassar, considering that it is easy to demolish any building, but hard to build it up again, and that it was particularly hard to do it to those cloisters, which would require a considerable time, and great sums of money, he denied the petitioners their request about that matter." Next, let us take the historical evidence from Eusebius downwards, as to the site of the Sepulchre. We adduce the principal passages which bear on the question. First comes Eusebius. His evidence we have given in full (p. 57). It seems to us to amount to this :— Constantine, taking down a temple to Venus which had been, according to tradition, built over the site of the Holy Sepulchre, and clearing away the earth, found a tomb, cut in the rock, still remaining. His workmen immediately concluded that this could be no other than the tomb of our Lord. He surrounded it with pillars and decorations. In front of it, or round about it, he made a level place. On the east side of the level place he built a magnificent church, the Basilica of the Martyrion, theonly church which he erected at all. r In front of this church was an open market-place. Market-places, it may be remarked, are always in the middle of towns, not on the outside. - Eusebius is contemporary with the event, and writes as if he actually witnessed the building of the church and the decoration of the tomb. His evidence is therefore of the highest importance ; and from him it Would appear that Constantine built no church over the Sepulchre at all. W e come next to the accounts left behind by pilgrims and others. First in order comes the Bordeaux pilgrim, who was in Jerusalem


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