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BLOSS C.A. Heroines of the Crusades

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Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

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BLOSS C.A.
Heroines of the Crusades
page 467



NOTE XXX.—PAGE 291. " St. Dominic.'"—The Dominicans originated in 1215, at Toulouse. The principal objects of their institution was to preach against heretics. This passion for heresy-hunting established the order of the Inquisition. The Dominicans were called Jacobins in France, because their first convent at Paris, was in the rue St. Jaques. Their order is now flourishing only in Spain, Portugal, Sicily and America.— See Encylqpedia. . NOTE YTY.—PAGE 296. "Magna Charta."—The Great Charter of Liberties, ex-torted from King John, in 1215. The barons who.com-posed the army of God and the Holy Church, were the whole nobility of England ; their followers comprehended all the yeomanry and free peasantry with the citizens and burgesses of London. John had been obliged to yield to this general union, and, June 15th, both encamped on the plain called Eunneymede, on the banks of the Thames, and conferences were opened, which were concluded on the 19th. The thirty-ninth article contains the writ of habeas corpus, and the trial by jury, the most effectual securities against oppression which the wisdom of man has ever devised-— See Encyclopedia. NOTE ZZZ.—PAGE 307. " Filled the office of Regent of Jerusalem."—In the 13th century we find woman seated, at least as mother and re-gent, on many of the western thrones. Blanche, of Castile, governed in the name of her infant son, as did the Count-ess of Champagne for the young Thibaut, and the Countess of Flanders for her captive husband. Isabella, of Manche, also exercised the greatest influence over her son, Henry III., King of England. Jane, of Flanders, did not content herself with the power, but desired manly honors and en-signs, and claimed at the consecration of St. Louis, the right of her husband to bear the naked sword, the sword of France. By a singular coincidence, a woman, in the year NOTES. 486


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