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BLOSS C.A. Heroines of the Crusades


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Heroines of the Crusades
page 471

Moutforts. Ever after they were looked upon with horror and detestation.—Michelet. NOTE LLLL.—PAGE 351. " Richard of Cornwall" in the spring of the year 1240, embarked for the crusade. The Christian name bf the Earl of Cornwall alarmed the Saracens. The very word Rich-ard was dreaded in Syria ; so great was the terror which Cœur de Lion had spread. NOTE MMMM.—PAGE 351. " Greek Fire"—This was invented in the 7th century. When the Arabs besieged Cjnstantinoplo, a Greek architect deserted from the Caliph to the Greeks, and took with him a composition, which by its wonderful effects, struck terror into the enemy, and forced them to take flight. Sometimes it was wrapped in flax attached to arrows and javelins, and so thrown into the fortifications and other buildings of the enemy to set them on fire. At other times it was used in throwing stone balls from iron or metallic tubes against the enemy. The use of this fire continued at least until the end of the 13th century, but no contemporary writer has handed down to us any ac-curate account of its composition. NOTE NNNN.—PAGE 351. " King Louis."—The superstition of a French king, and the successes of the savage Korasmians, gave birth to the seventh crusade. One night during the Christinas festival (A.D. 1245), Louis caused magnificent crosses, fabricated by goldsmiths, to be sown on the new dresses, which, as usual upon such occasions, had been bestowed upon the courtiers. The next day the cavaliers were surprised at the religious ornaments which had been affixed to their cloaks ; but piety and loyalty combined to prevent them from renouncing the honors which had been thrust upon them. NOTE OOOO.—PAGE 351. " Statutes of Oxford."—The English barons assembled at KOTES. 489

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