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Roger De Hoveden The Annals vol.1., From A.D. 732 To A.D. 1180.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.1., From A.D. 732 To A.D. 1180.
page 199

188 ANNALS OJ? ROGER DE HOVEDEN. A.D. 1099. suspended on the eross, the Saviour of the world was pierced, was, through the revelation of the Apostle Andrew, the most meek of the Saints, discovered in the ehurch of Saint Peter the Apostle. Being encouraged on finding this, on the fourth day before the ealends of July, being the second day of the week, the Christians, carrying it with them, marched forth from the city, and, engaging with the pagans, put to flight Corbaran, the commander of the soldiers of Soldan, the king of Persia, and the Turks, Arabs, Saraeens, and many other nations, at the edge of the sword, and, after slaying many thousands, by the aid of God gained a complete victory. Throughout the whole of the night of the fifth day before the calends of October in this year, there was an extraordinary brightness. In the same year, the bones of Canute, the king and martyr, were raised from the tomb, and, with due honor, placed in a shrine. Boger, the duke of Apulia, having assembled a great arm}-, laid siege to the city of Capua, whieh had revolted against his authority. Pope Urban, attended, according to his command, by Anselm, the archbishop of Canterbury, set out for the eouneil which he had appointed to be held at Bar, on the ealends of October. At this eouneil, many points of the Catholic faith were discoursed upon by the successor of the Apostles, with great eloquence. Here also, a question being mooted on the part of the Greeks, who wished to prove, on the authority of the Evangchsts, that the Holy Ghost proceeded only from the Father, the above-named Anselm treated and discoursed and explained so admirably on the subjeet, that there was no one at the meeting who did not pronounce himself satisfied thereby. In the year 1099, in the third week after Easter, pope Urban held a great eouneil at Borne, at which he excommunicated all laymen who gave investiture to ehurehes, and aU who received investiture from the hands of laymen, as weB as all those who consecrated persons for the duties of the offiee so bestowed. He also exeommunieated those who, to gain ecclesiastical honors, did homage to laymen ; affirming that it seemed most shocking that hands which had attained a distinction so high that it was granted to none of the angels, namely, by their touch,22 to create the God who created all 22 " Siguaculo j" probably in allusion to marking with the sign of the eross.

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