Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.1., From A.D. 732 To A.D. 1180.
A.D. 1177. THE ANTI-POTE CAUXTUS DEGRADED.
honor and reverence to our lord the pope as Supreme Pontiff,
and, receiving from him the kiss of peace, devoutly placed him
self at his right-hand, and, with great dutifulneps, led him
into the church as far as the altar. On the succeeding day, it
being the feast of Saint James and the second day of the week,
the before-named emperor came to meet our lord the pope
outside of the church of Saint Mark, and, devoutly placing
himself at his right hand, led him into the church, and, the
service of the mass having been there celebrated, then con
ducted him to the door of the said church ; and, while our lord
the pope was mounting his palfrey, the above-named emperor
held for him the stirrup,4 and showed him all the honor and
reverence which his ancestors had been in the habit of show
ing to the pope's predecessors.
At this eouneil, also, John, abbat of Struma, who had been
styled pope Calixtus, and was the third and last anti-pope of
this schism, was degraded, and was rejected and renounced by
the emperor himself and all his principal men, both eccle
siastics and seculars. In like manner, all the archbishops,
bishops, and abbats of the kingdom of Germany who had been
ordained either by him or by the other anti-popes, his prede
cessors, namely, by Oetaviauus, who had been styled pope Vie-,
tor, or by Guido de Crema, who had been styled pope Paschal,
were degraded. The altars, also, which had been consecrated
by them, or by those ordained by them, were destroyed. At this
council, also, Conrad, the brother of the above-named emperor,
received from the hands of pope Alexander the archbishopric
of Sanceburg,5 together with the legateship of the whole king
dom of Germany, to hold the same for life. Indeed, this Con
rad, when in the time of the schism he had been elected arch
• bishop of Mentz, refused to receive consecration from pope Octavianus, but, preferring to live among Catholics in a state of poverty for the name of Christ, rather than among schismatics be loaded with riches and transitory blessings, came to pope Alexander at the city of Sens, by whom being kindly received, he was made cardinal-bishop of Sabina ; and Christian, chancellor of the emperor, succeeding him as archbishop of Mentz, received the pall from Guido of Crema, which he
* " Staphs " here, or, as it should be written, " stapia," may possibly
mean a kind of ladder which was used in mounting a horse.
5 Saltzburg is clearly meant.