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Roger De Hoveden The Annals vol.1., From A.D. 732 To A.D. 1180.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.1., From A.D. 732 To A.D. 1180.
page 489

sions which seemed to be of a suspicious nature, and which might, unless more fully explained, conceal the heresy which they had preached, we requested them to answer and defend their faith in the Latin tongue ; both because their language was not sufficiently understood by us, and because the Gospels and Epistles, on which alone they Avere willing to ground their belief, are known to be written2 0 in the Latin tongue. When they found that they could not venture to do this, being entirely ignorant of the Latin language, as appeared by the words of one of them, who, when he attempted to speak in Latin, was hardly able to join two words, and entirely failed ; it became necessary for us to stoop to their level, and, absurd as it was, by reason of their ignorance to discourse in the vulgar tongue about the Sacraments of the Church. On this, making denial that there were two first principles of things, they publicly, in the presence of ourselves and the before-named persons, made confession and stoutly asserted that there is one God most high, who has made all things, visible and invisible, which they also proved to be true by the writings of the Evangelists and Apostles. They also confessed that our priest, whether good or bad, just or unjust, and whether even of such a character that they knew him, beyond doubt, to be an adulterer, or guilty of any other crime, was able to make the body and blood of Christ, and that through the ministration of such a priest, and by virtue of the Divine words, which were pronounced by the Lord, the bread and wine were truly changed in substance into the body and blood of Christ. They also asserted that infants or adults when baptized with our baptism are saved, and that without the said baptism no one can be saved, utterly denying that they had any other baptism or imposition of hands, as was imputed to them. They further asserted their belief that a man and woman united in marriage, in case no other sin prevented it, would be saved although they should satisfy the conjugal debt, being excused by virtue of their marriage, and that by reason thereof they are not damned. They affirmed also that archbishops, bishops, priests, monks, canons, recluses, Templars, and Hospitallers would be saved. They also said that it was becoming and proper, that those who entered churches founded in honor of God and of the Saints, should approach them with the greatest devoutness, and, showing to the priests and other ministers 20 He alludes to the Latin translation in the Vulgate.

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