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Roger De Hoveden The Annals vol.1., From A.D. 732 To A.D. 1180.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.1., From A.D. 732 To A.D. 1180.
page 514

of any privileges granted by our indulgence, then on no pretence whatever is any contribution to be made for their interment, nor are they to receive burial among Christians. And as regards the Brabanters, Arragonese, Navarresc, Biscayans, and CotereBs,37 who exercise such enormous cruelties against Christians, as not to pay any respect to cither churches or monasteries, or to spare widows or orphans, young or old, or any age or sex, but who, after the manner of pagans, lay waste and ravage in every direction, Ave do similarly enact. We do also enact that those who shaB hire, or retain, or encourage them, shaB, throughout the communities where such excesses are committed, on the Lord's day and other solemn days be publicly proclaimed as excommunicated in all the churches there, and shaB be held to be condemned with the same sentence and punishment in all respects as the aforesaid heretics, and shall not be received into communion with the Church, unless they first abjure the said abominable societies and heresies respectively. Those also are to understand who are connected with them by any tie, that they are refieved from all duties of fealty, or homage, or any obedience to them whatsoever, so long as they shall persist in such great iniquity ; and we do further command them and aB the faithful, for the remission of their sins, manfully to oppose such dreadful ravages, and in arms to defend the Christian people against them. Their property also is to be confiscated, and the superior lords are to be at liberty to subject men of this description to slavery. As for those, however, who shaB so separate from them in true repentance, let them not doubt that they wiB obtain the indulgence granted to sinners, and the blessings of an eternal reward. And further, trusting in the mercy #f God, and confiding in the authority of Saint Peter and Saint Paul the Apostles, we do remit two years of enjoined penance to those faithful Christians who shaB take up arms, and, at the advice of their own or other prelates, fight against them ; and if they shaB be detained a considerable time in so doing, then we do leave it to the discretion of the bishops to whose care 3 7 These were lawless hireling soldiers, who were guilty of great out rages ; they were said to have received their name of " Coterelli" from their use of a large knife called " coterel," the same being given them by the people of Toulouse ; while others derive it from " cotarius," a cottager, it being their habit to levy heavy contributions on people of that class. They were also called " Ruptarii," " Routiers," or " Ryters," and were much employed by the early kings of England.

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