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Roger De Hoveden The Annals vol.1., From A.D. 732 To A.D. 1180.

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Roger De Hoveden
The Annals vol.1., From A.D. 732 To A.D. 1180.
page 564



church, and of the reeve and chief men of the vili, show all that he has found, whatever it may be. The reeve of the vili is at ouce to send to the three or four nearest vills for their priests and reeves, who are also to bring with them three or tour of the principal men of each vili, and in the presence of them all, the whole of what has been found is to be shown. After this, in the sight of these persons, the reeve, to whose jurisdiction the finder belongs, is to place the same in safe keeping until the next day. On the following day, he is to go with some of his neighbours who have seen what has been found to the bailiff of the hundred in which his vili- is situate, and show him the whole thereof. And if he is the homager of the lord on whose lands the same has been found, and the lord, in whoso bands it has been found, has not his customs of sac or soc, he is to deliver the whole thereof to the bailiff of the hundred, in the presence of good witnesses, if he chooses to take it. But if the lord has such customs, then justice is to be done in the lord's court. Of Jews established in the kingdom. \ " Be it also known, that all Jews, wheresoever they are in the kingdom, are to be under the tutelage and lawful protection of the king ; and no one of them can serve under any rich man without the king's leave ; for the Jews and all their property belong to the king. And if any person shall lay hands on them or their money, the king is to demand restitution thereof, if he so pleases, as of his own. Of those who have protection by the king's letters. " Those who have the king's protection, either under his hand or by his letters, must observe their fealty to him. Therefore it is their bounden duty to observe the same inviolably towfcds all men, and not, having gained the shelter of his protection, to withhold rights or services from their superior lords, nor yet from their neighbours ; for he is not worthy to enjoy peace who is not ready to keep it towards others. And if any person should rely too much on the protection which he enjoys, and shall be guilty of an injury to another, then he is to make good the loss, and to pay a fine of the same amount. The former the English call 'murdre,'9 5 and the fine ' astrihilthet.'96 9 5 The Saxon name for "concealment." perhaps it was so called from the offender haviug sheltered himself under the king's protection. 9 6 Compensation to the master of a house.


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