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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 39

Bishop of Mans, addressed several Latin poems. But it was not her munificence to wandering minstrels and singing clerics that obtained for the Saxon queen that laudable saniamo the '' Good," but her unbounded and self-sacrificing charity to the sick poor, and, above all, her humiliation in so frequently casting off the pomp of royalty, and entering the dank prison and rude hovel to dress the wounds of the maimed, and afford medical succour and spiritual consolation to the diseased and tho penniless. It was for these deeds of virtue, and for her having moved the king to enact laws which protected the honest merchant and artificer from oppression and robbery, and the Anglo-Saxon of gentler mould from the outrage of the overbearing Norman, that the people so adored the queen, that although, in compliment to her godfather, the Luke of Normandy, she was called Matilda, they more commonly styled her Kditha, a name dear to the Saxons, who still fondly cherished the memory of their last queen of the blood of Alfred, Editha, consort of Edward the Confessor, and which, according to some historians, she received at thé baptismal font at a period prior to her being christened Matilda, after the wife of the Conqueror. CHAPTEE III. Dulte Robert of Normandy marches to Winchester with a hostile force—Matilda prevails ttpon King Henry to bring about a pacification—Robert becomes a guest at court—Quarrel between Henry and Anselm—Robert re-visits England—He is advised tofiee to Winchester—Is cajoled to cancel his claims against Henry—Henry goes into Normandy, meets with Ansclm, and renews his friendship—Anselm returns to England—The Anglo-Saxon clergy forced to lead a life of celibacy—The queen gives birth to a princess—Henry returns from Normandy—He passes the winter at Northampton—Duke Robert implores the king, but is repulsed—Henry entrusts Matilda with the government, and embarhs for Normandy—Matilda aids Gundulph in building several noble structures—Builds the first stone bridge in England—Tatronizes religious houses—Henrf s success in Normandy, where he obtains the crown, and returns in triumph—Marriage of his daughter with Henry tlie Fifth—Institution of the House of Commons—Death of Matilda—She is buried at Winchester. I UT nine months had Matilda the Good shared the throne with Henry the First, when Duke Robert of Normandy, having returned from the Holy Land, landed at Portsmouth, and being joined by many of the Anglo-Norman barons, and even some of the English nobles, including Matilda's uncle, Edgar Atheling, marched with a considerable hostile force to Winchester, where he drew up his army in battle array. But on being informed that Matilda was then lying there with her first-born, William the Atheling, who had seen the light but a lew days, he, with a generosity unknown to his brothers, relinquished his project of besieging the city, declaring, "that his heart would not permit him to commence war by an. attack upon a woman in childbed." _ Matilda was so pleased with this kind consideration of her godfather, that she prevailed on the king, by the good offices of Archbishop Anselm, to bring about a pacification, which was satisfactorily arranged, by Henry agreeing, in consideration of his retaining the crown of England, to pay an annual pension of three thousand marks to Robert. The king invited the Duke of Normandy to become his guest at court, and Robert, who delighted in music and merry company, was so well feasted and entertained, that he tarried there upwards of six

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