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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.

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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ.
Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 128



innocsenco and filial affection of his eldest born, King Henry, accompanied by his Queen, and the Princess Beatrice and her husband, quitted the shores of France, and landing at Dover, made their entrv into London, on the first of May, 126*0. In the following autumn, the King and Queen of Scotland arrived in London on a visit to Henry and Eleanora, who received them with great affection. The court now was very numerous, but as the King had no funds to support his dignity, the baronial council did honour to his royalty, by providing for the magnificent entertainment of the illustrious guests. On the conclusion of the festivals held at Westminster, in honour of their visit, the ladies Margaret and Beatrice retired with their mother to Windsor, where they passed the winter and early spring in quiet retirement, and where the Queen of Scotland gave birth to a daughter, who was named after herself, Margaret. CHAPTER V. The Tower and Windsor Cosile stored and garrisoned—Henry violates the Oxford statutes, and assumes the government—Leicester retires to the continent—Prince Edward returns to England—The King goes to Gascony—In his absence the power of the barons increases—The treasury of the Knights' Templars robbed byPrince Edward—Jtiots in London—The Queen pelted by the mob—Escapes to Windsor—The King of Trance vainly endeavours to arbitrate between Henry and the Barons—Civil war commences—The King defeats the Oxford students at Nov thampton—Battle of Lewes—The King and Prince Edward taken—Edward escapes—Eleanora raises troops in Flanders—The Kinf s opponents excommunicated—Battle of Evesham—Heath of Leicester—Pelease of the King—Clemency of the King and Queen to the vanquished—Londonfined—Theestates of the rebel barons confiscated—Leicester and his followers excommunicated—Prince Edward defeats Adam Gordon—Defection of the Earl of Gloucester, jHE threatening aspect of affairs at this period cast a gloom over the minds of Henry and Eleanora, so severe, that fearing for the personal safety of their daughters, they hurried them out of the country, after which, to secure themselves from the dreaded attacks of the hostile barons, they well stored and garrisoned the fortresses of Windsor and the Tower of London, and made them their principal residences, the Queen usually being at Windsor, and the King at the Tower. f Henry having, to avoid the charge of perjury, secretly applied to Rome, and rocured absolution from the oath he ad made, to support the barons in their authority, called a parliament in London, and suddenly appearing before them, told them that when he signed the Oxford statutes, they bound themselves to augment his revenues and pay his debts, but as they had not done so, neither should he abide by his word. " Moreover," he declared, " he was determined to free himself from the fetters of a faction, who treated him more like a slave than their King, and in his own person assert the dignity of his prerogatives." This declaration astounded the barons, but before they had time to reply, Henry retired, and shutting himself up in the Tower, seized all the money in the Mint, and issued a proclamation to the effect that the barons, not having performed their part of the Oxford statutes, the Pope had absolved him from his oath to observe them. That he was ready to do justice to all men in his courts, and strictly observe tho articles of the great


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