FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ.
Queens of England. Vol.1.
Constance of Castile, brought him a
daughter named Catherine. This daugh
ter wasmarriedto Johnot' Portugal's son,
Henry the Third, who, in her right, be
came King of Castile and Leon. By
his third wife, Catherine, daughter of
Payn Poet, a Gascon, whose younger
daughter was married to the Poet-laureate.
Geoffrey Chaucer, he had John, Karl of
Somerset, Thomas, Luke of Exeter,
Henry, Bishop of Winchester, and a
daughter christened Joanna.
Edmund of Langley was created Earl
of Cambridge by the king his father,
and afterwards Luke of York, in the
reign of Richard tbe Second, his nephew.
He married Isabella of Castile, by whom
he had a son, Kichard Plantagenct,
Duke of York.
Thomas of Woodstock was made
Duke of Buckingham by Richard the
Second, and afterwards Duke of Glou
cester. Although passionate, self-willed,
and petulant, he was valiant, accom
plished, and highly intelligent. He was
the great patron of the poet Gower ;
and his work on the Laws of Battle
is remarkable for perspicuousness, power,
and brilliancy of style. In right of his
wife, Eleonora, daughter and heiress of
Humphrey de Boh un, he obtained the
Earldoms of Essex and Northampton,
and the constableship of England. His
wife made him father of a son, Hum
phrey, Earl of Buckingham, and two
daughters—Ann and Joanna.
The Princess Isabella, married to Lord de Courcv, in 1365, became the mother of two daughters : Mary, married to Henry of Barre, and Philippa, the wife of Robert de Vere, Earl of Oxford. Isabella died in 1397, and was buried at the head of the tomb of Queen Margaret, Edward the First's second wife, in Christ Church, Aldgate.
The Princess Joanna died, as has been previously mentioned, on her journey to Castile. Mary lived but thirty weeks after her marriage with the Duke of Rritanny, which was solemnized at Woodstock, in 1361, when she was but seventeen years of age ; and Queen Philippa's youngest daughter, Margaret, was married, in 1359, to the Earl of Hastings, and died two years afterwards: without issue, and at the girlish age of sixteen.
With the life of the amiable Philippa of Hainault, the sun of Edward's happiness and greatness set forever. In 13 Γ0, the brave Sir John Chandos was killed in France. In the following year, Edward's valued friend, Sir Walter Mauny, died; and when, in person, he directed a fleet to the scene of bis former triumphs, a storm arose, scattered the vessels, and compelled him to return unsuccessful. At home, only misfortune and disaffection seemed to reign. On the death of the Black Prince, John of Gaunt was suspected of aiming at the crown. The court was embroiled with factions; and, although King Edward had expressed the greatest sorrow at the loss of his beloved consort, and cheerfully complied with her dying requests, her remains were scarcely laid underground, when he made the worthless Alice Pcrrers—a married woman, of distinguished wit and beauty, who had been one of her ladies of the bed-chamber—her successor in his affections. This infamous woman acquired such an ascendancy over the mind of the doting old king, that she obtained a grant of her deceased mistress's jewels, tutored the king in his answers, sat by him at the bed's head, dispensed tbe royal favours ; and, on one occasion, appeared at a tournament in Cheapside, in splendid apparel, and on a cream-coloured palfrey, as lady of the sun, and mistress of the day.
From this time Edward sunk into a state of debility of body and mind, from which he never recovered. Abandoned to the care, or rather cruel mercy, of AUcc Perrers, he lived in obscurity at Eltham, and when his end was approaching, was removed to Sheen, now Richmond, where he expired on tho twenty-first of June, 1377- On the morning of his death, and whilst he lay speechless, Alice Perrers took the rings from his fingers, and fled. The other domestics had gone to plunder the palace, and but for the kindness of a priest who chanced to be passing by, and heard his dying groans, the mighty Edward would have breathed his last without a soul to