FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ.
Queens of England. Vol.1.
more than once narrowly escaping the clutches of the Yorkists, Margaret, accompanied by her son, the Duke of Exeter, Rreze, and about two hundred of her adherents, sailed from Northumberland for Sluys, in Flanders ; but she had scarcely put to sea when a storm arose, parted her little fleet, and drove her into the port of Ecluse, in the territories of the Duke of Burgundy, a prince whom she had hitherto deeply hated. Nevertheless, the Duke's son, Count Charolois, conducted her from the landing-place to Lille with marked respect, and the Duke himself sent a body of archers to escort her to St. Pol, where he received her with every outward show of honour ; and, although he refused to listen to her solicitations in favour of her husband, he gave her twelve thousand crowns, relieved the
iecuniary distress of several of her folfowers, permitted her to remain his guest as long as she pleased, and then forwarded her in safety to her father's duchy of Par.
Margaret of Anjou, no longera Queen but in name, resided for seven years within the dominions of her eccentric and purse-poor father, King Iiené. The
I castle of Kuerere, near the town of St. I Michael, was her chief abode. Sir John I Fortcscue dwelt there as her son's tutor, and for the express instruction of the unfortunate Prince, whom Margaret fondly believed would yet wear the crown of England, he composed his
celebrated treatise " De laudibua Legum
Anglits," a work full of wholesome ad
vice, and advocating the supremacy of
tho law, trial by jury, free institutions,
the right of the subject, the importance
of limiting the power of the monarch,
and other just principles of government,
A course of instruction, excellent as it
was, such as few Queens, nurtured like
Margaret had been in arbitrary doctrines,
would have permitted a tutor to impress
on the minds of their sons.
The flight of Margaret was followed
by that of nearly every noble and knight
who had taken part in the now hopeless
cause of the red rose. Many of them
sought safety in Flanders, and so great
was their poverty, that some earned a
subsistence as menial servants or porters ;
whilst the less fortunate, and amongst
these was the valiant Duke of Exeter,
shoeless and in rags, begged their bread
from door to door.
Henry taken and imprisoned in the Tower— Warwick quarrels with the King— Goes to France—Offers to support the red rose—Louis the Eleventh prevails on Margaret to accept the offer—The Prince of Wales married to Anne of Warwick— Warwick lands in England—His transient successes—Defeat and death in the battle of Barnet—Margaret sails for England—Her despair on landing—Sanctuary at Beaulieu—She again takes the field—Is defeated and made prisoner at the battle of Tewkesbury—Murder of the Prince of Wales, and of Henry the Sixth—His burial—Miracles wrought at his tomb—Margaret ransomed after five years' captivity—She retires to the court of her father—Death of her father— Her sorrows—Bodily infirmities—Death—Burial.
LTHOUGH after the
"'a battio of Hexham Henry sought and found an asylum in the counties of Lancaster and Westmoreland, which were sincerely devoted to
his cause, it was impossible for him to long
elude the vigilance of the Government. After roaming from place to place in various disguises, he was betrayed by the perfidy of a monk of Abingdon ; and in June, 1465, taken as be sate at dinner in Waddington Hall. His inhuman captors, forgetting the resjpect due to fallen greatness, conveyed him to London on a sorry hack, and with an insulting placard