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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.

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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ.
Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 310



married to Elizaoeth's eldest son by Sir Jobn Grey, bad long previously been affianced to Warwick's nephew, and to crown all, King Edward refused his assent to the desired marriage between his brother Clarence and Warwick's eldest daughter, Isabella. The gathering storm at length burst forth in Yorkshire, in the summer of 1469, where the people rese in insurrection, under the command of Kobert Hilyard, commonly called Kobin of ltedesdale. The exactions of the royal household, and what was deemed the tyranny of the Queen's relations, in enforcing the ancient tax of a thrave of com, were the ostensible cause of this rising. When the insurrection broke out, Edward and Elizabeth were making a progress through the eastern counties. The King, at tho head of his retainers, marched to Fotheringay; hut, alarmed at the increasing number and the vindictive menaces of the insurgents, he ordered the Woodvilles to secretly withdraw from the army, repaired to Northampton, and summoned Warwick and Clarence to his standard. But these nobles were together at Calais, where, in defiance of the King's opposition, the marriage of Clarence to Warwick's daughter Isabella took place. Meanwhile, the King's troops were defeated at Edgecote ; the Queen's father and brother John were taken in the Forest of Dean, carried to Northampton, and beheaded by the order, or pretended order, of Clarence and ^Varwlek ; and the Queen's mother was accused of witchcraft. On landing in England, Clarence and Warwick hastened to the King, who, on accusing them of disloyalty, discovered, to his astonishment, that he was in reality their prisoner, His captivity lasted about three months ; and then, by means no where recorded, he obtained his release, returned to London, where the Queen had remained in security during these troubles, and kept the Christmas festival with great state. But the flame of rebellion still burned. In February an ineffectual attempt was made to seize the King at an entertainment, to which he had been invited by the Archbishop of York ; and in the following summer an alarming insurrection burst out in Lincolnshire ; but the insurgents were defeated, and Clarence and Warwick, for the part they had taken in the uprising, were forced to flee to France. In the autumn Warwick returned, raised a rebellion in favour of the red rose, and marching triumphantly to London, placed Henry the Sixth again on the throne. Edward was forced to fly to Lynn under the cover of night, where, with a few friends, he embarked for Holland. The Queen had been left for safety in tho Tower, which she assiduously armed and victualled ; but on the approach of Warwick and Clarence, her courage failed, and she fled in secret with her mother and three daughters, Elizabeth, Mary, and Cicely, to the sanctuary at Westminster, where they were registered as sanctuary women, and where, on the first of November, 1470, the long-desired heir of York was born. The mihappy Edward the Fifth was ushered into the world in poverty and privation. No public rejoicing celebrated his birth. MotherCob, the midwife of the sanctuary, attended the distressed Queen in her labour, and provided her with all the comforts and necessaries within her power, Elizabeth was also attended by Master Serigo, her physician, and John Gould, a butcher in the neighbourhood, found means to elude the vigilance of the Queen's enemies, and prevent the sanctuary from being starved into a surrender, by supplying them with an abundance of beef and mutton. The Prince was christened with but little ceremony shortly after his birth, Thomas Milling, the abbot of Westminster, standing sponsor, and the Duchess of Bedford and Lady Scrope godmothers. In March, 1471, Edward againlanded in England, and, to quiet the opposition of the people, declared that he had come, not to claim the crown, hut the inheritance of his late father, the Duke of York. To complete this deception, he assumed the ostrich feather, iu honour to Edward, the Lancasterian Prince of Wales, ordered his followers on their way to shout " Long live King Henry !" and at the gates of York, and before the


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