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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.

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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ.
Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 324



vived them, the surviving husband ehould continue to enjoy his wife's portion during his lifetime; and tbat if a divorce should be pronounced between Richard and Anne, Richard should still have the benefit of this act, provided he did his best to marry her again. The latter clause, doubtless, inserted in the act on account of a Papal bull not having been obtained to dispense with their relationship, renders it highly probable that Anne was coerced into giving her hand to Richard. But, however this may be, the birth of her son Edward, eleven months after her marriage, appears to have reconciled the Duchess of Gloucester to her fate. When war was declared with Scotland, in 1480, Richard beaded the army against the Scots, and sustained the honour of his country by winning several battles, and capturing Edinburgh. Whilst her lord was thus occupied, Anne, whose sister had died on the twelfth day of December, 1476, resided at Middlcham Castle, in Yorkshire, where she devoted her attention to her only child, Edward, now a healthy boy, six years old. About a week after the base-hearted Richard had usurped the throne of bis nephew, Anne came to London, and, on the fifth of July, was crowned with her husband at Westminster. " King Richard," says the chronicler, 1 ' whose guilty heart was full of suspicion, had sent forfive thousand soldiers out of the North, to be present at his coronation. These, under Robin of Redisdale, came up evily apparelled, and harnessed in rusty armour, neither defencible for proof nor scoured for show, and who, mustering in I'insbury Fields, were with disdain gazed upon by the beholders. But all things being now ready for the coronation (and much the sooner, as that provided for the enthronement of the young Edward was used), on the fourth of July, Richard with his consort went by water to the Tower, where he created his son Prince of Wales, ordained the Knights of the Path, and, more from fear than love, set at liberty Lord Stanley and the Archbishop of York." The coronation being a double one— a ceremony which had not been witnessed in England since the days of Edward the Second and Isabella of France—was doubly magnificent, "Upon the sixth of July," continues the chronicler, " King Richard, with Queen Anne his wrife, set forth from Whitehall towards Westminster, royally attended, and went into the great hall in tho King's Bench, from whence the King and Queen walked barefoot to King Edward's shrine in St. Peter's Church, all tbe nobility going with them according to their degree. The trumpets and heralds marshalled the way. The cross, with a solemn procession, followed the priests in fine surplices, the bishops and abbots in rich copes, all of them mitred and carrying their crosses in their hands ; next came the Earl of Huntingdon, bearing a pair of gilt spurs as an emblem of knighthood ; after whom came the Earl of Bedford, who bore St. Edward's staff as a relic; then followed the Earl of Northumberland, with a naked, pointless sword in his hand, betokening mercy ; next followed the mace of the constableship, borne by Lord Stanley, upon whose right hand the Earl of Kent bore a naked, pointed sword ; and on his left Lord Lovell also bore a naked, pointed sword, the former sword signifying justice to the temporality, and tbe latter justice to the clergy. The Duke of Suffolk then followed with the sceptre, which signifyeth peace. The Earl of Lincoln bore the ball and cross, which signifyeth a monarchy. Then came the Earl of Surrey, bearing the fourth sword, sheathed in a rich scabbard, and which is called the Sword of Estate; next whom followed was the Garter King at Arms, on whose right hand went the Gentleman Usher of the King's Privy Chamber ; and on his left the Lord. Mayor of London, with a mace in his hand. Next unto whom went the Duke of Norfolk, bearing the King's crown between his hands ; and then King Richard himself came, in a sur coat and robe of purple velvet, having over his head a canopy, borne by the four barons of the five ports, and with the Bishop of Bath on his right hand, and the Bishop of Durham on his left. The Duke of Buckingham bore the


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