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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.

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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ.
Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 334



christened, and the dimensions of two cradles, the one to he faire set forth by painter's craft, and the other, which is to he nscd on state occasions, to be large, and furnished with great magnificence." On taking to her chamber, Elizabeth bid a ceremonious adieu to the lords of her court, and was afterwards attended only by women. The child was born on the twentieth of September, 1486, and christened Arthur ; the ceremony being performed with great pomp in Winchester cathedral. The Prince was borne to the fount by the Queen's sister, Cecilia, attended by Anne, another of her sisters ; the Queen's mother stood godmother, and the Earls of Oxford and Lincoln, with the Marquis of Dorset, were the other sponsors. After the royal babe had been baptized, he was conveyed back in solemn state ; the King's trumpeters and minstrels, making merry music, went before him, and, on reaching the royal nursery, he was presented to the King and Queen, when the ceremony was concluded, by one of the bishops pronouncing over him the blessing of God, of Holy Mary, of St. George, and of his parents. After the birth of Prince Arthur, the Queen for some time was afflicted with an ague ; but when her health returned, she, in gratitude for the birth of her heir, founded a Lady Chapel, at the cathedral of Winchester. This year burst forth the mysterious rebellion, under Lambert Simnel, a youth who personated tho Earl of Warwick, Kichard the Third's nephew. The impostor was the son of a ]oiner in Oxford, and well instructed in the part he had to play, by one Kichard Simons, a priest. He first tempted the credulity of the Irish, and so well succeeded, that Henry, in alarm, published a full freedom in favour of his opponents ; and that the real Earl of Warwick might be publicly recognized, he conducted him in procession, through London, tj the palace of Shene, where the young Prince conversed daily with the Queen, and all who visited the court. After being crowned in Ireland, by the title of Edward the Sixth, Simnel, being joined by several lords of the discontented party, landed in Lancashire, and marched to York, in the hope that the country would rise and join him as he passed along; butin this he was deceived. In the battio of Stoke, fought on the sixteenth of June, 1487, his army was routed, and he and his tutor fell into tho hands of the King. The priest was made to confess the imposture, and then imprisoned for life ; but the pretended Edward the Sixth, being found to be a poor, ignorant, weakminded boy, Henry, with great wisdom and mercy, pardoned him, and made him a scullion in the royal kitchen, at Westminster, and afterwards advanced him to the rank of falconer, a rank at that time far higher than could ordinarily be obtained by one so humbly born. NYarned by tho rumours that had reached his ears during the Simnel rebellion, Henry resolved to remove, at least, one cause of disaffection, by having the Queen crowned. Elizabeth reached London on the first of November, 1487, and after witnessing the King's triumphant entry to the city, in honour of the victory of Stoke, went with him on the fifth, to the palace of Greenwich. Two days previous to her coronation, which was solemnized on the twenty-fifth of November, she came in state, by water, from Greenwich to London, and landed at tho Tower, where the assembled citizens greeted her with enthusiasm. King Henry then created fourteen Knights of the Bath, and on the next day (Saturday) she went in procession to Westminster. She wore a dress of white cloth, of gold, of damask, and a mantle of the same, furred with ermine, and fastened with a beautiful silk cordon, richly wrought with gold : " Her faire yelow hair hung downe ployno behynd h er bak, with a calle of piped network over it." On her head was a circle of gold, adorned with precious stones. In this queenly array she passed through the city, in an elegantly ornamented litter, with a canopy of cloth of gold, carried over it by four of the newly created knights; before her rode four baronesses ; by her sides, the grand steward, the high constable, and the lord chamberlain, took their places on the royally-trapped chargers;


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