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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.

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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ.
Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 338



Henry, and, at the head of three hundred men, made an unsuccessful attempt to storm the city of Exeter. Henry having received advice of his proceedings, said, merrily: "The Saints he praised ! I shall now, I trust, have the pleasure of visiting tho person whom I have so long desired to sec," and immediately took measures to oppose him. The pretender, however, on the approach of Henry with hostile forces, lost all courage ; and, in the night, took sanctuary in the monastery of lieaulieu, in Hampshire. Shortly afterwards, he surrendered himself to the K:ng, and was confined in tho Tower ; but escaping thence, and being unable to elude the vigilance of the numerous patrols who watched all the roads to the coast, he surrendered himself to the prior of the monastery at Shene. Upon a promise that the King would pardon him, the prior gave him up, and he was again confined in the Tower. But as there was no peace for England whilst he lived, and as he plotted with the Earl of Warwick to escape out of the Tower by murdering the governor, he was hanged at Tyburn, on the 16th of November, 1499; and, twelve days afterwards, the unfortunate Warwick, whose long imprisonment, for no other offence but that of his birth, had so weakened his mind, that he could scarcely be deemed an accountable agent, was decapitated on Tower Hill ; and, with his death, the intrigues, impostures, and rebellions which bad so disturbed the reign of Henry the Seventh, entirely ceased. The wife of Warbeck, who had been left for security at Mount St. Michael, on hearing of the capture of her husband, submitted to the Boyalists. When she was brought prisoner to the King, she blushed and burst into tears; hut Henry felt for her distress, and relieved her apprehensions, by sending her to the Queen, with whom she afterwards lived as an attendant till her second marriage, still retaining, on account of her beauty, the name of "TheWhite Uose," which she had originally derived from the pretensions of her husband. The ravages of the plague, which, in one year, hurried thirty thousand of the citizens of London to a premature grave, so alarmed the King, that, after removing from place to place, he, to avoid the infection, took his consort and family to Calais, in May, 1500, where they resided for more than a month, and where a treaty was signed for the marriage of Prince Arthur with Katherine of Arragon. The marriage, which, according to some authors, the bride's father, Ferdinand of Spain, would not consent to till after the death of the ill-fated Warwick, and which was consummated on the fourteenth of November, 1501, with extraordinary magnificence, will be fully detailed in the next following memoir. On the twenty-fifth of January, 1502, the Queen took a leading part at the hctrothment of her daughter Margaret, by proxy, with tho Scotch King, James the Fourth. The ceremony was performed at the royal palace of Shene, and, immediately afterwards, the Queen conducted her aaughter to the banquet. Jousts and pageants followed, and tbe whole population took part in the rejoicing. "On the twenty-fifth of January," says the chronicler, "was declared by the mouth, at St. Paul's Cross, the assurance of James, King of Scots, and Lady Margaret, daughter of our sovereign lord, King Henry the Seventh. In rejoicing thereof, TeBeum was sung, and bonfires were made throughout the city, and at each of the twelve largest bonfires was set an hogshead of Gascony wine, to bo drunk by all men freely, and which was but a short time in drinking." These festivities had been terminated but a few weeks, when the royal family suffered a severe bereavement. On tho second of April, Prince Arthur, who had been a husband but a few months, died unexpectedly. The mournful intelligence was first imparted to the King, who, on "hearing the heavy tidings, sent for the Queen, that she might be a partner in his sorrow. When she arrived, and saw her lord in such trouble, she comforted him with sober and holy sayings, amongst other good council telling him that it was his duty to submit to the will of God, and to bear the loss of his heir with fortitude and resignation. But although she had afforded


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