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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.

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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ.
Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 348



no sooner made it, than, with the pcrverseness and resolute self-will which characterized his whole career, he resolved to break it, which so alarmed the King-, that, in 1506, he, to prevent the possibility of a clandestine union, forbade his son and Katherine to see each other, and treated the latter with unmerited severity. However, as Joanna laboured under a derangement of intellect, which, although at first deemed transient, proved to be permanent, her marriage with the English monarch fell through. Henry the Seventh died a widower, and Henry the Eighth, immediately after his accession, assured Euensalida, the Spanish ambassador, of bis sincere attachment to Katherine, and brought the question of their marriage immediately before the council, who unanimously assented to the union. Accordingly, on the eleventh of June, 1509, Katherine of Arragon was publicly married to Henry the Eighth, by the Archbishop of Canterbury, at Greenwich ; and as the Queen had not had intercourse with her former husband, she was married with the ceremonies appropriated to the nuptials of maids. Previous to detailing their coronation, and the subsequent rejoicings, it may be well to remind the reader that Henry mounted the throne under circumstances highly favourable to his prosperity. He had almost completed his eighteenth year ; he was handsome in person and generous in disposition. In him were reconciled the opposing factions of York and Lancaster. He had received an education superior to what was then usually bestowed on princes ; he spoke and wrote French and Latin, and was addicted to the study of theology. He loved music, played on several instru ments, and was even occasionally a com poser. He danced with ease and grace; was adroit in hunting, hawking, and shooting ; but, above all, "he jousted with also. The streets were railed and barred skill ; and to excel in this martial exeron the ono side from over against Grace cise, was at once to announce pretensions Church into Bread Street, in Cheap, to strength and courage, to emulate the where every occupation stood in their deeds of departed heroes, and to challiveries in order, beginning with the lenge by anticipation the honours of mibase and mean occupations, and so aslitary fame. To enhance the value of cending to the worshipful crafts highest ; these advantages, his vices were not sufficiently developed to excite alarm ; and by his marriage with Katherine, he gave to the nation a Queen, lovely in person and mind, of exemplary prudence and virtue, and truly gentle and feminine in her manners. Her unaffected piety and benevolence had already endeared Katherine to the people ; and as, like Henry, who was passionately devoted to Thomas Aquinas, she possessed considerable learning, she cordially cooperated in his liberal patronage of literature. Six years of seniority had rather increased than diminished her attractions ; nor can it be doubted that, during the early part of her marriage, she held an undivided empire in her husband's heart. It wa9, therefore, with a natural and amiable pride that Henry associated her in his coronation, of which the chronicler Hall has left the following lively picture :— " On the twenty-first of June, the King came from Greenwich to the Tower, over London Bridge, and so by Grace Church, with whom came many and well-apparelled gentlemen, but espe cially the Duke of Buckingham, who had on a gown all of goldsmiths' work, very costly—and there the King rested till Saturday next ensuing. " Friday, the twenty-second of June, everything being in readiness for his co ronation, his Grace, with the Queen, being in the Tower of London, made there Knights of the Bath, to the num ber of twenty and four, with all the observances and ceremonies to the same belonging. l And the morrow following, his Grace with the Queen departed from the Tower through the city of London, against whose coming the streets where his Grace should pass were hung with ta pestry and cloth of arras, and the great part of the south side of Cheap with cloth of gold, and some part of Cornhill


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