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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.

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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ.
Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 360



rich chair, and at the judges* feet sat the i scribes and officers for the execution1 of tbe process ; the chief scribe was Dr. Stephens, afterwards Bishop of Winchester, and the apparitor, who wras called Doctor of the court, was one Cooke of Westminster ; then, before the King and judges sat the Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr. Worham, and all the other bishops ; then stood at both ends within, councillors learned in the spiritual laws, as well on the King's side as the Queen's side. The council for the King were Dr. Samson, afterwards Bishop of Chichester, and Dr. Hall, afterwards Bishop of Worcester, with divers others, and proctors in the same law, were Dr. Peter, who was afterwards chief secretary, and Dr. Tregunwcll, with divers others. " On the other side there were council for the Queen, Dr. Fisher, Bishop of Rochester, and Dr. Standish, Bishop of Asaph in Wales, two brave divines, especially tbe Bishop of Rochester, a very godly man, whose death many nobles and many worthy divines much lamented, who lost his head about this cause before it was ended, upon Tower Hill; as also, another ancient doctor called Dr.Ridley, a little man, but a great divine. On the twenty-first of June, the court being thus ordered as is before expressed, the judges commanded the cryer to proclaim silence, whilst the commission was both read to the court and to the people there assembled ; that done, and silence being again proclaimed, the scribes commanded the crier to call King Henry of Kngland, whereuntothe King answered and said, 'Here;' then called he again the Queen of England, by the name of ' Katherine, Queen of England, come into the court,' &c. The Queen, who was already present, rose from her chair, and in a loudfirm voice, said, ' As I am a stranger in this land, and moreover, as the judges hold bene fices in the realm, the gift of my adver sary, I cannot believe that justice will be done me in this court, and therefore I protest and appeal to Rome, against the present proceedings.* The cardinals however, refused to admit her appeal ; when on her name being again called, she rose a second time out of her chair, and because she could not reach the King directly, by reason of tbe distance, she went round about the court to the King, and kneeling down at his feet, said, in broken English, as follows : " ' Sir,' (quoth she), Ί pray you to do me justice and right, and have pity on me a poor woman and a stranger, born out of your dominions, having here no indifferent council, and less assurance of friendship. Alas, Sir ! in what have I offended you, what have I done to so kindle your anger, that you thus proceed to put me from you ? I call God to witness that I have always been to you a true and loyal wife, ever conformable to your will and pleasure ; never did I contrary or gainsay your pleasure, but always submitted myself in all things wherein you had any delight or dalliance, whether it were little or much, without grudging or discontent; I have loved, for your sake, all persons whom you loved, whether I had cause or not, were they friends or foes. I have been your wife these twenty years ; I have brought you many children, and if they have died, it has not been for the want of a mother's love or care. God knows that when I came to your bed I wras a virgin, and I put it to your conscience whether it was not so. if there be any offence which in justice can be aUcged against me, then 1 am willing to depart with shame and infamy; but if there be none, then I pray you do me justice. The king, your father, was in his lifetime accounted a second Solomon for wisdom, and my father, Ferdinand, was deemed one of the wisest kings that reigned in Spain these many years. So they were both princes full of nobleness and wisdom,and it is no question but they had counsellors as wise as are at this day, who thought the marriage of you and me good and lawful. I therefore marvel greatly, at the inventions now brought against me. Surely ye do me much wrong ; for ye may condemn me for lack of answer, as I have no council, but such as ye have assigned me, and who cannot be impartial councillors to me, they being your own subjects chosen out of your own council, whereunto they be privy, and men


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