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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.

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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ.
Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 402



four o'clock in the afternoon, and greatly disappointed Henry, who passionately longed for a son, and had so confidently believed the child would prove a boy, that in the circular prepared to announce Anne's accouchement to the nobility the word prince was inserted, to which the feminizing s was added after the infant was born. Elizabeth was christened with great pomp, and when three months old created Princess of Wales ; but, to avoid confusion and repetition, these matters will be detailed in her memoir as Queen Regnant. It appears that Anne Poleyn was not, as some zealous anti-catholic writers would have us believe, a Protestant at heart. True, Eisher and More, both staunch Papists, were by her influence brought to the scaffold ; but in her eyes their crimewas less the denyingof Henry's supremacy over the English church, than, what had so kindled her wrath against them, their refusing, as a matter of conscience, to swear that his marriage with Catherine of Arragonwas a nullity, that the Princess Mary was a bastard, and that the crown should descend to Queen Anne's heirs. Then, again, to the very day of her death she adhered to the ceremonies of the Roman Catholic rituals; and what is further remarkable, she did not intercede to avert the cruel deaths of Binley, of Byfield, of Frith, and of other early Protestant martyrs, whom, had she BO pleased she might doubtless have preserved from the consuming flames. Indeed only selfish party motives induced her to espouse the cause of the Reformation, and the greatest boon the reformers obtained from her was the sanctioning and encouraging the reading of Tinder*s and other translations of the Holy Scriptures, and the rescue of the celebrated Hugh Latimer from the durance to which he had been consigned by Stockesly, Bishop of London. On hearing of Latimer's imprisonment, and knowing that he was one who dared to preach as he believed, andto practise what he preached, Anne not only prevailed upon the King to restore him to life and liberty, but sending for him to court, listened with delight to his less flattering than lucid eloquent reasonings, and at the close of the sermon, entreated him to point out whatever appeared amiss in her conduct and deportment, Latimer, despising the duplicity of the courtier, replied by seriously admonishing the Queen to inculcate the duties of religion and morality on her attendants, and to strenuously enforce her precepts by example. Pleased with the sincerity of the good pastor, Anne appointed him one of her chaplains, and afterwards procured his elevation to the Bishopric of Worcester. Under the auspices of Latimer a striking change was effected in the exterior of Anne's court. Habits of industry and application were introduced. The Queen became grave and pious, and to discountenance levity and idleness amongst her ladies, occupied her time chiefly in devotional exercise, and in assisting at the beautiful tapestry work that afterwards adorned Hampton Court ; " which," says Wyatt, " was chiefly wrought by her own hand and needle. And yet," he continues, *' far more rich and precious were those works in the sight of God, which she caused her maidens and those about her, daily to work in shirts and smocks for the poor ; but not staying here, her eye of charity, her hand of bounty passed through the whole land, each place felt that heavenly flame burning in her —all times will remember it." In imitation of her father and Wolsey, she caused many promising youths to be educated and sent to college at her own expense. The poor in every village in England were relieved by her munificence, and with a praiseworthy wisdom and liberality, she in the last nine months of her existence distributed fourteen thousand pounds in alms. But liberal and devout as she had now become, she ceased not to urge the King to still harass and persecute his deserted Queen, Katherine. A conviction of the instability of her position, the capricious disposition of her tyrannical lord, and the desire of the Pope's party to strengthen their dying cause by depriving her of the King's affections, and filling her place with a woman who would sway Henry for and not against them, rendered her still jealous of the Queen she


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