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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 452

of the Duchess of Norfolk's servants. The base Mary Lascellcs was exempt from the indictment, because, say the council, she revealed tbe matter, and refused to enter the Queen's service. It, however, appears to have been malice, at being overlooked or neglected by the Queen, and not, as Hcnrjr s courtiers would have us believe, a sense, of moral rectitude, that induced this bad, bold woman to expose Katberine's former evil ways. As to her refusing to enter the Queen's service, there is no evidence beyond her bare word, that she ever had tbe chance of so doing ; whilst it is a known fact, that, except when forced by circumstances, Katherine in no case admitted into the royal household any of the female partners in her early crimes. Towards the close of December, tbe Duchess of Norfolk's servants, and Damport and Manox, were tried, pleaded guilty of being privy of Katherine's incontineney, with many tears and supplications for mercy, and were all condemned to forfeiture and perpetual imprisonment. Katherine's position w^as now hopeless. Her offended uncle, the Duke of Norfolk, the premier peer, and the only man in the kingdom who could dare to stand between her and the royal wrath, not only deserted her, but with a deadly hate, which he had formerly •wards at Boswnrth fight, -who married first Katherine, daughter of William Lord Mo] ins, by whom he had Thomas, created Earl of Surrey, first of Richard the Third, and restored to the same title fourth of Henry the Seventh ; second, Margaret, daughter of Sir John Chedworth. The said Thomas married Elizabeth, the daughter and sole heiress to Sir Frederick Tilney, by whom he had Thomas, the third Duke of Norfolk, Sir Edward, knight of the garter and high admiral, and Edmund, father of Katherine, the subject of our present memoir. Hia second wife was Agnes, sister and heiress of Sir Philip Tilney, by whom he had William (created baron of Effingham, March fourteenth, first of Mary), and the petulant Thomas, who quarrelled with all the ladies in his family, assisted to bring Anne Boleyn and Katherine Howard to the block, and afterwards formed a secret marriage with the Lady Margaret Douglas,niece to the King ; on the discovery of -which, he was sentenced to close imprisonment in the Tower, where- he died in 1537. shewn to his late niece, Anne Boleyn, in her hour of trouble, actually became one of her bitterest enemies, and addressed to Henry an epistle, denouncing her and his other relations who were accused of being accessory to her crimes as base traitors. She was without friends or money. Imprisonment, and the dread of tbe scaffold, had impaired her health, and clouded her mind with the gloom of despondency, whilst the yet lingering ray of hope which Cranmer's deceitful promise of a pardon had induced her to cherish, was at length dispelled by the appalling intelligence, that on the meeting of parliament, on the sixteenth of January, 1542, a bill for the attainder of herself, and of Lady Rochford, the Duchess of Norfolk, the Countess of Bridgewater, Lord William Howard and his wife, and several others, was brought into the lords, and read for the first time on the twentyfirst of January. This unjust despotism induced the lord chancellor to propose, that before they brought the Queen and her noble relations to the block without trial or jury, a committee of the lords and commons should wait on Katherine, to help her womanish fears, and urge her to say all that she could in her own justification; "for," added the chancellor, " it is but just that so noble a personage as the Queen, should be tried by tbe same laws as ourselves ; and if in this way she can establish her innocence, it will assuredly afford both the King and the nation great joy." The house willingly acceded to the proposal, and ordered that, in the meantime, the progress of the bill of attainder should be stayed. But the council, fearing to grant the Queen the smallest opportunity to speak in her own defence, disapproved of the plan, and on the thirtieth of January, the lord chancelier proposed, that in its stead, the parliament should petition the King ; First, For his health's sake, not to give himself any personal trouble in the matter. Second, To pardon them, if, on the present occasion, they had transgressed any part of the statute, making it treason to speak ill of the Queen. Third, As the Queen had taken Derhain into her ser

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