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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.

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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ.
Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 459



Mercy, Sir Stephen Hamilton, and hundreds of common people, who, for the part they had taken in the uprising, were all beheaded or hanged, when another proclamation of general pardon restored peace to the nation. Although Lord Latimer's quiescence had screened him from the royal vengeance, inflicted with such painful rigour on his northern friends, he did not come off scot free. Sir John Russell, the Lord Privy Seal, had the impudence to request for one of his friends, the favour of the loan of Latimer's splendid London mansion, in the churchyard of the Charterhouse; and as it was more than Latimer's life was worth to offend one of the King's satellites, after he had been in arms against the crown, he bowed compliance ; but that he did so with regret, and no little ill-convenience, is apparent, by the following extract from a letter on the subject, addressed by bim to Sir John Russell : " I assure your Lordship, the getting of a lease of it [the mansion in question] cost me one hundred marks, besides other expenses, for it was much my desire to have it, because it stands in good air, out of the press of the city. And I do always lie there when I come to London, and I have no other house to lie at ; and also I have granted it to farm to Mr. Nudygate to lie in the same house in my absence, and he to void whenever I come up to London. Nevertheless, I am content, if it can do your Lordship any pleasure for your friend, that he lie there forthwith. At this Michaelmas term, I seek my lodgings elsewhere... .the lease is not here, but I shall bring it to your Lordship, at my coming up at this said term.... From Wyke, in Worcestershire, the last day of December." In 154:0, an incident occurred, which renders it probable that Cromwell's fall was accelerated, if not immediately caused, by the secret animosity of Katherine Parr. Cromwell having quarrelled with Katherine's uncle, Sir George Throgmorton, caused him to be thrown into prison, on a false charge of denying the King's supremacy, with a view to compass his ruin and death. The Throgmortons, in their distress, appealed to Katherine, whose influence with Henry, say the papers of the Throgmorton family, was at this time so great, that she caused her uncle to be immediately released, and prevailed upon the King to advise with him about Cromwell, just previous to the imprisonment of that minister. It therefore is not unreasonable to presume that Katherine, whilst eloquently pleading for the life of her uncle, made Henry acquainted with the baseness, the rapacity, the unpopularity of his favourite minister, and induced the monarch to sacrifice to popular indignation the man he had raised to the highest offices in the state. Another cause of Katherine's animosity to Cromwell was, that on the death of her brother's wife's father, the last Earl of Essex, the lands and honours of that nobleman were bestowed not on her brother, the heir in equity, in right of his wife, but on the blacksmith minister. In fact, Cromwell was a great enemy of the Parrs and the Pouchiers, and after his execution much of his property was shared amongst them. His manor and mansion of Wimbledon was settled on Katherine, his manor of Coughton Court was purchased of the crown, on advantageous terms, by Sir George Throgmorton, and the Earldom of Essex was bestowed on William Parr. Early in 1543 Lord Latimer died, and a few months afterwards Katherine was wooed and won by Sir Thomas Seymour, the most gay, handsome, gallant bachelor at court; but before circumstances admitted of the marriage being solemnized, her hand was demanded by no less a personage than the royal widower, King^ Henry the Eighth. It had been conj eetured, when the act was passed making it penal for any lady with a flaw in her character to become the bride of the sovereign, without first apprizing him of the fact, that no maid, however virtuous, would venture to accept the sixth reversion to the cruel tyrant's heart ; and Lady Latimer, although remarkable for chastity and rigid moral deportment, when she learned Henry's intentions towards her, was so overcome by the recollection of the fate of his former consorts, that, after vainly beseech


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