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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.

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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ.
Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 485



some study in English., Latin and other tongues, at music, at dancing, at open air exercise ; that she was neither made weary, uncomfortable, nor sickly. Although it may be doubted whether Mary really went to Ludlow in 1518, it certainly appears probable that Henry in that year permitted her to be styled Heir-apparent and Princess of Wales and Cornwall, that he might have a better chance of procuring a high alliance for her. Before she was weaned he projected her marriage to the Dauphin, heir of Erancis the hirst, which was agreed upon by a treaty, still extant, dated November the ninth, 1518. Neither parties, however, being sincere, it was broken through ; and in the summer of 1522, the Emperor Charles the Eifth, then in his twenty-third year, came to England, was honourably received, and royally entertained by Henry; and during his stay, signed at Windsor an agreement to espouse Mary by proxy immediately she had completed her twelfth year. The Emperor sojourned in England about five weeks. He passed much of this time in the company of Mary, and, although she then was a child but six years old, her budding beauty, engaging manners, accomplishments, and precocious genius, so charmed him, that he desired to have her immediately sent to Spain to be educated as his wife. Put neither Katherine nor Henry could endure the separation. The promising Princess still remained in England, and in September 1524, vain overtures were made for her marriage with the King of Scots. In 1525, the Emperor repeated his request that Mary should be sent to Spain to be brought up and trained ac cording to the manners and customs of that nation, A request which Henry politely refused ; declaring that her mo ther, who was of the royalhouse of Spain, and who, out of affection for the Emperor, would bring her up to his satisfaction, was the most meet person to superintend her education, " Besides," proceeds the wily monarch, (who for political pur poses, not affection for bis daughter, in tended still to retain her), " the person of the Princess is yet too young to brave the perils of the ocean—too weak in constitution to be transported without danger into the dry, hot air of Spain." When the Emperor was in England, Mary, although a child, was taught to consider herself as his Empress. Her maids persuaded her she was in love with him; and when she first heard, in the spring of 1525, that he was about to forsake her for Isabella of Portugal, she evinced strong jealous emotions, and, through her father's ambassadors, sent him an emerald ring, as a symbol of constancy. Wolsey forwarded this gem to the ambassador in Spain, and in a letter dated April the seventh, 1525, instructs them, on delivering it to the Emperor, to say, " that her Grace hath devised this token for a better knowdedge to her hand, whether his Majesty doth keep constant and continent to her, as with God's grace she will to him. Yon may then add," proceeds the Cardinal, " that her assured love towards his Majesty, hath already raised such a flood of passion in her, that it is confirmed by burning jealousy—a true sign and token of love." The Emperor received the ring with courtesy, placed it on one of his fingers, and said he would wear it in remembrance of tbe Princess. More than this could scarcely have been expected of him, as Henry the Eighth's meditated divorce from Katherine had reached his cars, and so aroused bis indignation, that towards the close of the year, he, by the advice of his cortes and states, broke his engagement with Mary, and on the eleventh of March, 1526, married the Princess of Portugal, at Seville. It was in 1527, when Mary was but in the eleventh year of her age, that she made an elegant translation of the prayer of St. Thomas Aquinas, from the Latin into her native tongue. This translation, remarkable for simplicity, grace, and perspicuity, and printed in full in Sir F. Madden's " Privy Purse Expenses, thus concludes:"—"MyLord God, grant me wit to know thee, diligence to seek thee, wisdom to find thee, conversation to please thee, constancy to look for thee, and finally hope to embrace thee ; by thy penance here to be punished, and in our way to use thy be


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