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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 505

tificatioTi he gently hinted at the possi bility of her ruling the realm as Prin cess-regent, by the aid of his faction—a temptation she was wise enough to resist. It being the policy of Warwick, who, in December, 1551, was created Duke of Northumberland, to indulge the young King's earnest desire to establish the English Protestant church ; he, on clutching the regal reins, admonished Mary to conform to the laws, and cease to use the mass in her household. She replied that she did not think the statute of uniformity for worship binding on her conscience; and after much altercation appealed for protection to her powerful cousin, the Emperor. As England then required the aid of that monarch for the preservation of Boulogne, at his intercession Mary's prayer was reluctantly granted. But on the conclusion of peace with Erance, the Emperor's friendship being of less importance, the Princess was again commanded by the council, and requested by her brother to reject the Catholic rituals from her domestic altar and worship. In her trouble she appealed to the Emperor's ambassador, who, according to Prince Edward's journal, "on tbe nineteenth of April, 1550, desired leave by letters patent that my Lady Mary might have mass, which was denied him ;" the privy council declaring that tbe promise given to the Emperor was but temporary and conditional. At this crisis the King received notice from Sir John Mason, the English resident in France, that the Regent of Flanders had sent several ships, commanded by Scrippcrus, a Flemish captain, to the coasts of Esses and Norfolk, to carry Mary oif to the protection of the Queen of Hungary. This report, whether well founded or not, was believed by the King and the council ; Sir John Gates was ordered to watch that the obstinate Princess was not kidnapped from ïîeauleau, where she then resided, to Flanders, and a fleet was dispatched to guard the eastern coast. Ko hostile armament was to be met with, but on the fourteenth of August, Edward entered in his journal, that "there came divers adver tisements from Chamberlain, ambassador to the Queen of Hungary, that their very intent was to take away the Lady Mary, and so to begin an outward war and an inward conspiracy; insomuch, that the Queen of Hungary said Scipperus was but a coward, and for fear of one gentleman that came down, durst not go forth with his enterprise to my Lady Mary." The privy council, to prevent the probability of Mary being stolen away, used all their art to entice her from Beauleau to court. In a reply, dated the twenty-eighth of November, she excuses herself by stating that she was then suffering from the chronic affection, which generally attacked her at the fall of the leaf; that the air of London at that season was foul and unhealthy ; that Wanstead, her residence she had intended to revisit, was then affected with the plague ; but that immediately her health permitted she would accept the proffered loan of the Lord Chancellor's house, and there abide whilst her own was cleansed, This reply, the council so represented to the young King, that he entered in his journal, " The Lady Mary, after long communication, was content to lodge awhile at my Lord Chancellor's, but she utterly refused to come to court." The controversy still continued ; in December, two of Mary's chaplains were indicted for unlawfully officiating in her chapel. In the spring, and by royal invitation, she, if possible, to arrange their differences amicably, met her brother and his council at the court at Westminster ; on this occasion, each of her attendants wore a black rosary and cross—a Catholic display greatly to be reprehended, and which only further irritated the anger of the very persons whose wrath it was her interest to appease. The conference, which lasted two hours, is thus chronicled by King Edward in his journal : " The Lady Mary, my sister, came to me at Westminster, where, after salutations, she was called with my council into a chamber, where was declared how long I had suffered her mass in hope of her reconciliation, and how,

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