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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 513

thrown open, and the prisoners liberated, and on the eighteenth of July she proclaimed Northumberland a rebel. " Assuring all and every of her subjects on the word of a rightful Queen, that whoever taketh and bringeth the said Duke unto her presence, shall, if he be a noble, have one thousand pounds in land; if a knight, five hundred pounds, with the advancement to nobility ; if a gentleman, five hundred marks and the degree of a knight; and if a yeoman, one hun dred pounds, and the degree of an esquire." Meanwhile dissension, desertion, and distrust hourly reduced the power and action of Mary's opponents. Northumberland, in a state of doubt and apprehension, at the head of eight thousand infantry and two thousand cavalry, marched from London to oppose Mary on the thirteenth instant; and as he rode through Shoreditch, he remarked to Sir John Gates, " The people crowd to see us, but not one exclaims, God speed ye !" The council in the Tower were in a state of perplexity, and when the news of the hourly increasing strength of their opponents, of the loss of their six ships, and, what was more alarming, of the refusal of their tenantry to serve against Mary reached them, they lost heart, and under a pretext of giving audience to tho French ambassador, and then joining the army of Northumberland, who had just written to them for an increase of force, they on the nineteenth left the Tower, and joined by tho Lord Mayor, Recorder, and Aldermen, rode in procession through the city, proclaimed. Mary Queen at St. Paul's Cross, amidst the deafening acclamations of the populace, attended in the cathedral whilst To Deum was sung, and immediately sent an order to Northumberland to disband his army, and addressed the following letter to Mary, acknowledging her for their sovereign. " Our bounden duty most humbly remembered to your excellent Majesty, it may like the same to understand, that we your humble, faithful, and obedient subjects, having always (God we take to witness) remained your Highness' true and humble subjects in our hearts, ever since the death of our late Sovereign Lord and Master, your Highness's brother, whom God pardon ; and seeing hitherto no possibility to utter our determination herein without great destruction and bloodshed, both of ourselves and others till this time, have this day proclaimed, in your City of London, your Majesty to be our true, natural Sovereign Liege Lady, and Queen. Most humbly beseeching your Majesty to pardon and remit our former infirmities, and most graciously to accept our meanings, which have been ever to serve your Highness truely, and so shall remain with all our powers and forces to the effusion of our blood, as these bearers, our very good Lords the Earl of Arundel and Lord Paget, can and be ready more particularly to declare, to whom it may please your excellent Ma. jesty to give firm credence ; and thus we do and shall daily pray to Almighty God for the preservation of your most royal person long to reign over us. From your Majesty's City of London, this ——· day of July, the first year of your most prosperous reign." Before the hostile message from the council of London reached Northumberland, who was then at Cambridge, the desertion of his troops, and the evident hopelessness of his cause, had induced him to proceed to the market-place, where, whilst the tears of grief ran down his cheeks, he proclaimed Queen Mary, and tossed his cap into the air in token of joy. The vigilance of his gentleman pensioners prevented him from making his escape during the night, and on the following morning he was arrested on a charge of of high treason by the Earl of Arundel, and with several of his associates sent to the Tower.* * AccordingtoHayneSjtlieprisonersfor trial were twenty-seven ; but when the Queen saw the list, she reduced the number to eleven. The subjoined is a copy of the list, with the mmes Mary struck out in italics :—The Dukes of Northumberland and Suffolk, the Marquis of Northampton ; the Earls of Huntingdon and Warwick; the Lords Jiobert, Henry,Ambrose, Guildford, and Dudley; the Lady Jano Dudley, the Bishops of Canterbury*

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