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FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ. Queens of England. Vol.1.


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Queens of England. Vol.1.
page 515

the royal mercy. Mary burst iuto tears, exclaimed " Ye are my prisoners !" and raising them by the hand, kissed them, and gave them all their liberty. When Mary made this triomphant entry into London, lier personal charms at least could not have won for her the loyal demonstrations of the populace. She was neither so majestic, nor queenly in bearing, as her mother. Her stature was short and small, but well-proportioned. The beauty of her but moderately pleasing countenance was defaced by the deep furrows of care ; and although she was shorted-sighted, her eyes were dark, piercing, and awe-striking, and her voice was deep and masculine. Immediately on entering London, she pub" lished a proclamation, exhorting men not to revile each other on account of their religious differences ; according to Fox, and nearly all anticatholic writers have repeated his assertion, she, to obtain the support of the Protestants of Suffolk, publicly promised to make no alteration in the religion established under Edward. This assertion appears to be questionable. It is not proved by any documentary evidence of the period, neither is it confirmed by the fact that Dodds presented to the Queen, soon after her accession, a petition in favour of the reformed religion, signed by one hundred persons from Norfolk ; for wc are ignorant of the contents of the petition, and those in authority pronounced the signatures a forgery, and set Dodds in the pillory as an impostor. On the eighteenth of August, Northumberland and six of his associates were tried and condemned to die ; but of these, only three—Northumberland, Sir John Gates, and Sir Thomas Palmer—were selected for execution. The duke earnestly petitioned for life, "yea, the life of a dogge, that he might but lyve and kiss tbe Queen's feet." Nor could Mary find heart to consent to his execution till the Emperor, by letter, assured her that it was neither safe for herself or the realm to pardon his life. On the scaffold he professed himself a Catholic, acknowledged the justness of his punishment, but denied that he was the first projector of the crime for which he suffered. The evening of his execution, August twenty-second, his faithful retainer, John Cock, implored the Queen to grant him the head of his master, that he might give it a decent burial. "In the name of Heaven," answered Mary, "take the whole body, and bury his lordship with becoming obsequies." Cock thanked her Majesty with expressions of gratitude ; and on the following night the remains of the too ambitious Northumberland were deposited, with catholic rites, by the side of Somerset, at St. Peter's chapel, in the Tower. The imperial ministers urged Mary to bring the Lady Jane Grey to the block at the same time with her father-in-law, Northumberland, declaring that she could never reign in security whilst Jane lived, since the first faction that dared would set her up as a rival. But Mary answered, she could not find in her heart or conscience to put her unfortunate cousin to death ; she had not been the accomplice of Northumberland, but merely a puppet in his hands : nor was she even his daughter-in-law, for she had been legally contracted to another before she was compelled to marry Guildford Dudley. As for the danger arising from her pretensions, it was but imaginary, and every requisite precaution might be taken before she was restored to liberty. During the month of August, the struggle between tbe partizans of tho rival rituals was violent, Mary's attachment to the ancient faith was patent, and, as the supreme head of the Church of England, her will in spiritual matters was absolute. The Catholic clergy, trusting to her all-powerful protection, boldly transgressed the existing laws. On the twelfth of August, the unauthorized celebration of mass at a church in the city of London horse market occasioned a riot. The council imprisoned the priest ; but tho spirit of religious animosity being aroused, on the next day, Bourne, one of t!ic royal chaplains, preached against the reformed creed at St Paul's Cross, and again the reformers rose in riot. The Queen sent for the Lord Mayor and the Aldermen, ordered them to put down all tumul

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