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MATTHEW OF WESTMINSTER The flowers of history, especially such as relate to the affairs of Britain. Vol. I. B.C. 4004 to A.D. 1066.

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MATTHEW OF WESTMINSTER
The flowers of history, especially such as relate to the affairs of Britain. Vol. I. B.C. 4004 to A.D. 1066.
page 68



B.C. 450. CAMILLUS DELTTEBS BOMB FROM THE GAULS. 59 In the ninth year after the expulsion of the kings, when the son-in-law of the younger Tarquin, Porsenna, king of Etruria, had collected a numerous army, with the object of avenging the injury done to his father-in-law, a new office was created at Rome, which was called the Dictatorship, being a magistracy of greater power than the consulship. In the same year, also, the master of the horse was created, who was to be under the orders of the dictator. Nor can there be mentioned a more lofty magistracy than the ancient dictatorship in the whole history of the Roman empire, especially when Octavianus Augustus, and Caius Cassar before him reigned under the name and honours of the dictatorship. The first dictator at Rome was Largua,4 and the first master of the horse was Spurius Cassiue, who was created sixteen years after the expulsion of the kings. The Roman people rose in a formidable sedition, on the plea that they were oppressed by the senate and consuls. And at that time Spurius Cassius created tribunes of the people, as if they were to be judges and defenders of himself, so that by their means he might be protected from the enmity of the senate and the consuls. About the same time, by the permission of Xerxes, king of Persia, Nehemiah arrived in Judaea, and restored the walls and the city. In the three hundred and second year after the building of Rome, the consular form of government was put an end to, and instead of the two consuls, ten magistrates were appointed, who should exercise supreme power under the name of decemvirs. In the three hundredth and fifteenth year after the building of Rome, the people of Fidense revolted and attacked the Romans ; but they were defeated by them, and submitted, and twenty years afterwards they revolted a second time ; but Furiue Camillus, the dictator, was sent against them, and defeated them, and after a long siege he took their city, which was very ancient, and afterwards he too k Falisci, which was another city of equal renown. After this, the Galli Senones came against Rome and took it, nor could any thing be defended except the Capitol. And when they had besieged this last fortress for a long time, Ca* millus, who was in banishment in a neighbouring city, came upon the Gauls and defeated them with enormous slaughter. 4 This should be Lartius.


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