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MATTHEW OF WESTMINSTER The flowers of history, especially such as relate to the affairs of Britain. Vol. I. B.C. 4004 to A.D. 1066.

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MATTHEW OF WESTMINSTER
The flowers of history, especially such as relate to the affairs of Britain. Vol. I. B.C. 4004 to A.D. 1066.
page 117



CH . XXIX.—C**ÛT returns to Rome—His war with Pompey —Pompey is slain—and Cœsar. As Cessar had now finished all his wars in the west, in ten years he hastened to Rome to oppose Pompey, being impatient to reign alone. For as Lacan says,— 1 4 Partners in power ne'er one another trust. No king will bear a rival near his throne." But as soon as bis approach was made known to Pompey and the Romans, they were alarmed, and voted that he should not come into the city unless he first disbanded his army. And Cassar, being indignant at this, proceeded towards Rome in an hostile manner. But Pompey and all the Roman Senate were struck with consternation, and fled to Greece. Then Cassar, entering the city, took the money from the public treasury, and gave it to his soldiers. At length, a battle was fought, and Cassar put Pompey to flight, and drove him through Syria into Egypt. In that battle twelve thousand of Pompey'e soldiers and thirty-four centurions are said to have been slain. But as soon as Pompey reached the shore, he was, for the sake of gaining the favour of Cassar, murdered by command of the young Pompey. Then Cassar marched through all the kingdoms of the east, and subjugated all that came in his way. Then he returned to Rome, and by himself governed the whole republic, and enjoyed supreme power. But while he was thus insanely new modelling the whole constitution of the republic in a manner contrary to the customs of his ancestors, he was pierced with twenty-four wounds, and slain in the senate house, Brutus and Cassius being the prime movers of the deed ; three years and six months after he had attained absolute power. It is said that two hundred and sixty men were privy to this conspiracy. CH . XXX.—The character and reign of Augustus—His moderation—Antony—Cleopatra—Herod. THE second monarch of Rome was Augustus Octavianus, than whom no commander was ever more successful in war, o r more moderate in peace. Having in his youth *been involved in civil wars, he without any dimculty made subject to the


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