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MATTHEW OF WESTMINSTER The flowers of history, especially such as relate to the affairs of Britain. Vol. I. B.C. 4004 to A.D. 1066.

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MATTHEW OF WESTMINSTER
The flowers of history, especially such as relate to the affairs of Britain. Vol. I. B.C. 4004 to A.D. 1066.
page 170



A.D. 137. Mark is appointed bishop of Jerusalem, being the first of the Gentiles who was so,1 there being an end to all those bishops who had been of the circumcision. A.D. 138. Antoninus, surnamed Pius, was created emperor; he reigned twenty years and not quite three months. He lived in such tranquillity, that he was deservedly called " Pious, and the Father of his country." A.D. 139. Teleephorus was appointed pope, being the ninth who had sat in the Roman chair. He ruled for eleven years, three months, and twenty days, and the see was vacant seven days. A.D. 140. Antoninus, with his sons Aurelius and Lucius, released all men from their debts and burnt their bonds, throughout the whole Roman empire. A.D. 141. Justin the philosopher gave to Antoninus a work which he had composed on the subject of the Christian religion, and rendered him favourable to the Christians. And Justin, not long afterwards, when a persecution was set on foot, was betrayed by Creacene Cinicus, and shed his blood for Christ's sake. A.D. 142. The heresy of Yalentinus and Marcion wickedly attacked the Church of Christ, and the inventors of this wickedness set up iEones,2 that is to say, some wickednesses, ss the original creator of the world. They also affirmed that Christ did not derive his body from a virgin's, but asserted that he only passed through her as through a pipe. A.D. 143. Galen, the eminent physician, a native of Pergattas, flourished at Rome. About the same time, in the reign of the emperor Antoninus, Saint Alexander the bishop endured martyrdom, and was slain by the sword, after the infliction of many kinds of torture. A.D. 144. Pius was ordained bishop of the Roman Church. About the same time, Saint Concordius, a Presbyter, suffered at 8poletum, and received the crown of martyrdom after the endurance of many kinds of torture, being at last slain with the eword. A..D. 145, Herns was appointed bishop of Antioch. About 1 Our Chronicler has already stated this fact as having happened in the year 125. 1 The theory of Mone» was asserted by Valentino*, not by Marcion. Ses Motbeim Eccl. Hist. Cent. II. Part II. §§ vii—xv. VOL. ι. M


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