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MATTHEW OF WESTMINSTER The flowers of history, especially such as relate to the affairs of Britain. Vol. I. B.C. 4004 to A.D. 1066.

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MATTHEW OF WESTMINSTER
The flowers of history, especially such as relate to the affairs of Britain. Vol. I. B.C. 4004 to A.D. 1066.
page 206



A.D. 373. VALENS PERSECUTES THE CHRISTIANS. death of Felix, returned from banishment, and again sat in the chair of Peter, and remained there five years. The same year, Jovinian obtained the empire, and held it and reigned one year and eight months. And as he immediately affirmed that he was a Christian, he said that he was unwilling to rule over pagans. And the whole army, which, because of the influence of Julian, had cast off the name of Christ, hearing this, confessed themselves Christians. But a premature death cut short the pious and joyful beginnings of this great emperor. The same year, the council at Antioch was convened, consisting of bishops from Miletus and the districts of Antioch, in which the Macedonian doctrine was wrongfully established ; and it derived its name from Macedonius, a bishop of Constantinople, who deemed that the Holy Ghost was God. A.D. 367. Yalentinian, with his brother Yalens, succeeded to the empire, and reigned ten years. At the same time, Apollinaris, bishop of Laodicea, compiled many books on the subject o f our religion ; but afterwards, incautiously deviating from the faith, he adopted the heresy which goes by his name, saying that Christ took upon himself only body, without any soul. A.D. 368. The heresy of Photinue and Eunomius flourished. Photinus was bishop of the city of Sira, and asserted that Christ was begotten on Mary, by Joseph, according to the usual matrimonial process. A.D. 369. The Goths in the Danube became divided into two parts, under Frigedern and Alaric. But Frigedern subdued Alaric by the assistance of Yalens, and in requital of this assistance, he, from having been a Catholic, became an Arrian with the whole nation of the Goths. At this time, Hilary, bishop of Poictiers, wrote. A.D. 370. Yulfilk, bishop of the Goths, being a master of Gothic literature, translated each Testament into his own language. A.D'. 371, Damasus was elected to the Roman chair, and occupied it eighteen years, two months, and ten days. And the aee was vacant twenty-one days. Pope Damasus was accused o f adultery, but was acquitted by forty-four bishops. A.D. 372. Pope Damasus built a church near his palace in honour of Saint Laurence, and adorned it with most sumptuous presents. A.D. 373. Valens, having been baptized by Eudoxius, bishop o f the Arrians, persecuted the Christians.


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